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Explanation on the resolution of the CPC Central Committee on the great achievements and historical experience of the party's Centennial struggle

Publisher: Office Release time: November 16, 2021 Number of visits: ten

Xi Jinping


Entrusted by the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee, I explained to the plenary session the drafting of the resolution of the CPC Central Committee on the great achievements and historical experience of the party's Centennial struggle.

1、 Consideration on the issues of the Sixth Plenary Session of the 19th CPC Central Committee

Our party has always attached great importance to summing up historical experience. As early as in the Yan'an period, Comrade Mao Zedong pointed out: "if we do not make clear the history of the party and the road the party has taken in history, we can't do things better." In 1945, the seventh plenary session of the Sixth Central Committee of the Communist Party of China adopted the resolution on certain historical issues, which summarized the party's history, experience and lessons from the Fourth Plenary Session of the Sixth Central Committee of the party to the Zunyi Conference, and drew conclusions on some major historical issues, It made the whole party, especially the senior cadres of the party, have reached a consensus on the basic issues of the Chinese revolution, strengthened the unity of the whole party, created sufficient conditions for the victory of the Seventh National Congress of the Communist Party of China, and effectively promoted the development of China's revolutionary cause.

In the new period of reform and opening up, Comrade Deng Xiaoping said: "in history, successful experience is precious wealth, and wrong experience and failure experience are also valuable wealth. If we formulate principles and policies in this way, we can unify the thoughts of the whole Party and achieve new unity. Such a foundation is the most reliable." In 1981, the Sixth Plenary Session of the Eleventh Central Committee of the Communist Party of China adopted the resolution on some historical issues of the party since the founding of the people's Republic of China. It reviewed the history of the party before the founding of new China, summed up the historical experience of socialist revolution and construction, evaluated some major events and important figures, especially correctly evaluated Comrade Mao Zedong and Mao Zedong thought, and distinguished right from wrong, It has corrected the erroneous views of the "left" and the right, and unified the party's ideology, which has a significant impact on promoting the unity of the party and looking forward, and better promoting reform and opening up and socialist modernization.

Now, 76 years have passed since the first historical resolution was made, and 40 years has passed since the second. In the past 40 years, the cause of the party and the state has greatly developed, and the party's theory and practice have also greatly advanced. Standing at a new historical starting point, looking back on the past, looking forward to the future, and comprehensively summarizing the great achievements and historical experience of the party's Centennial struggle, especially the major achievements and historical experience of the reform and opening up in the past 40 years, have both objective needs and subjective conditions.

The CPC Central Committee holds that at the important historical moment of the centennial anniversary of the founding of the party, at a major historical juncture when the party and the people have successfully achieved the first centenary goal and built a moderately prosperous society in an all-round way, and are marching towards the second centenary goal of building a socialist modern power in an all-round way, and comprehensively summarize the major achievements and historical experiences of the party's Centennial struggle, It is of great practical and far-reaching historical significance to promote the party's further unity of thought, will and action, unite and lead the people of all ethnic groups in the country to win the great victory of socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era.

The CPC Central Committee holds that the party's Centennial struggle is magnificent, with a long time span and a wide range of issues to be studied. In general, we should, in accordance with the requirements of summing up history, grasping the law, strengthening confidence, and moving forward to the future, sum up the glorious history of the party, the brilliant achievements of the party's unity and leadership of the people, the valuable experience of the party in promoting revolution, construction and reform, and the theory and practice of the party and the state's cause of forging ahead since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China. Specifically, it is necessary to deeply study the Centennial course of the party's leading the people in revolution, construction and reform, and comprehensively summarize the great historical process of the party from victory to victory and the great historical achievements of building the country and nation; We should deeply study the party's adherence to the combination of the basic principles of Marxism with China's specific reality and with the excellent traditional Chinese culture, constantly promote the Centennial course of the Sinicization of Marxism, and deepen the understanding and mastery of the party's innovative theory in the new era; We should deeply study the Centennial course of the party's continuous maintenance of the party's unity, the authority of the Party Central Committee and centralized and unified leadership, and deeply understand the distinctive features and political advantages of strengthening the party's political construction; We should deeply study the Centennial course of the party's pursuit of happiness for the Chinese people and the rejuvenation of the Chinese nation, and have a profound understanding of the flesh and blood relationship between the party and the people, and better seek happiness for the people and create great historical undertakings relying on the people; We should deeply study the centenary course of strengthening the party's self construction and promoting self revolution, strengthen the firm and persistent on the road of comprehensively and strictly administering the party, and ensure that the party will always become a strong core of leadership in the historical process of adhering to and developing socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era; We should thoroughly study the laws and general trend of historical development, always grasp the historical initiative of the development of the party and the country's cause in the new era and new journey, and enhance the courage and strength to anchor the established goals of struggle and to move forward with high spirit and vigor to the future.

The Party Central Committee believes that in summing up the great achievements and historical experience of the party's Centennial struggle, we should adhere to the methodology of dialectical materialism and historical materialism, and look at the party's history from the point of view of concrete history, objective and comprehensive development. We should adhere to the correct view of the party's history and establish a grand view of history, accurately grasp the main theme and mainstream nature of the party's historical development, correctly deal with the mistakes and twists and turns experienced by the party on its way forward, draw lessons from successes and mistakes, and constantly open up the road to victory. We should take a clear-cut stand against historical nihilism, strengthen ideological guidance and theoretical analysis, clarify the vague understanding and one-sided understanding of some major historical issues in the party's history, and better rectify the source.

As for the drafting of the resolution of this plenary session, the Party Central Committee has made it clear that we should focus on the following points.

First, focus on summing up the great achievements and historical experience of the party's Centennial struggle. Our party has formulated two historical resolutions successively. From the founding of the party to the beginning of the reform and opening up, the major right and wrong issues in the history of the party have been basically solved, and their basic statements and conclusions are still applicable today. Since the reform and opening up, although there have been some problems in the party's work, on the whole, the cause of the party and the state has developed smoothly, the direction of its advance is correct, and the achievements have attracted worldwide attention. Based on this, the resolution of this plenary session should focus on summing up the great achievements and historical experience of the party's Centennial struggle, so as to promote the whole Party's wisdom, unity, confidence and morale.

Second, highlight the focus of the new era of socialism with Chinese characteristics. The resolution of this plenary session focuses on summing up the historical achievements, historical changes and accumulated fresh experience of the party and the state in the new era. It mainly considers the history of the party during the period of the new democratic revolution, the socialist revolution and construction, the Third Plenary Session of the Eleventh Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the Sixth Plenary Session of the Eleventh Central Committee of the party, The first two historical resolutions have been systematically summarized; The Party Central Committee made a careful summary of the achievements and experiences of reform and opening up and socialist modernization in the new period. At the 20th and 30th anniversary of the Third Plenary Session of the Eleventh Central Committee of the CPC, I made a systematic summary in my speech at the 40th anniversary of reform and opening up. Therefore, for the historical period before the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the resolution of this plenary session should be summarized on the basis of the existing summary and conclusion. Highlighting the focus of the new era of socialism with Chinese characteristics is conducive to guiding the whole party to further strengthen confidence, focus on what we are doing, and march forward to a new journey and a new era of meritorious achievements with a more lofty attitude.

Third, the evaluation of major events, important meetings and important figures should be consistent with the existing conclusions of the Party Central Committee. Before the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, there have been a large number of discussions on major events, important meetings and important figures in the history of the party, the first two historical resolutions and a series of important documents of the party, and all of them have solemnly made conclusions. The resolution of this plenary session adheres to these basic statements and conclusions. Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, I have summarized and discussed the party's history in important meetings such as the 95th anniversary of the founding of the Communist Party of China, the 90th anniversary of the founding of the PLA, the 70th anniversary of the founding of the people's Republic of China, especially the 100th anniversary of the founding of the Communist Party of China, It reflects the new understanding of the party's Centennial struggle by the Party Central Committee. The resolution of this plenary session should reflect these new understandings.

2、 Draft resolution drafting process

In March this year, the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee decided that the Sixth Plenary Session of the 19th CPC Central Committee should focus on comprehensively summing up the major achievements and historical experience of the party's Centennial struggle, and set up a document drafting group with me as the group leader, Wang Huning and Zhao Leji as the Deputy group leaders, and relevant leading comrades of the party and the state, as well as responsible comrades of the central departments and local governments, Under the leadership of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee, it is responsible for drafting documents.

On April 1, the Party Central Committee issued the notice on Soliciting Opinions on the key research and comprehensive summary of the party's major achievements and historical experience at the Sixth Plenary Session of the 19th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China (CPC), soliciting opinions within and outside the party.

From the feedback, all departments and departments in all regions agree that the decision of the CPC Central Committee to comprehensively summarize the great achievements and historical experience of the party's Centennial struggle by convening the Sixth Plenary Session of the 19th CPC Central Committee is a solemn historical and strategic decision, which fully reflects the party's strong will and firm determination to keep its original mission in mind and maintain its vitality forever, and fully embodies the party's profound grasp of the law of historical development We should always grasp the historical initiative and mission of the development of the party and the state, and fully reflect the party's farsightedness and foresight of focusing on the present, focusing on the future, and focusing on the summary and application of historical experience. They agreed that the plenary session should focus on summing up the great achievements and historical experience of the party in the past century, and put forward many good opinions and suggestions on the major issues that need to be studied and solved in the resolution.

It is generally believed that in the past 100 years, the party has united and led the people in continuous struggle in various historical periods of revolution, construction and reform, creating miracles that are shining through the history of the development of the Chinese nation, the history of world socialism and the history of human society, and has completely reversed the historical process of the Chinese nation since modern times, It has vividly written a magnificent chapter in the historical development of world socialism, successfully opened up a new realm of Marxism, established immortal achievements for the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation, and made great contributions to the promotion of human progress. In this great journey, the party and the people have accumulated a wealth of valuable historical experience. All these are worth summarizing systematically. On the basis of comprehensively summing up the great achievements and historical experience of the party's Centennial struggle, this plenary session mainly summarizes the historic achievements, historical changes and new experiences of the party and the state in the new era.

According to the plan of the CPC Central Committee, the document drafting group conscientiously studied the important historical documents of the party, fully absorbed the opinions and suggestions of various departments in various regions, deeply studied major issues, and conscientiously carried out the drafting work of draft resolutions.

On September 6, according to the decision of the Political Bureau meeting of the CPC Central Committee, the draft resolution was issued to solicit opinions within the party within a certain range, including the opinions of some old comrades in the party. The opinions of the leaders of the Central Committee of the democratic parties, the all China Federation of industry and commerce, and representatives of personages without party affiliation were specially listened to.

From the feedback, all departments in all regions fully affirmed the draft resolution and unanimously agreed on the framework structure and main contents of the draft resolution. They agreed that the most distinctive features of the draft resolution are seeking truth from facts and respecting history, which reflects the party's original intention and mission of the Centennial struggle and conforms to historical facts; The discussion and evaluation of major events, important meetings and important figures in the draft resolution are consistent with the existing discussions and conclusions of the party's historical documents, reflecting the new understanding of the party's history by the Party Central Committee since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China. "The historical significance of the Centennial struggle of the Communist Party of China" summarized in the draft resolution comprehensively, profoundly and systematically reflects the historical contribution made by the party to China and to mankind; It is of great historical and practical significance to summarize the "historical experience of the CPC's Centennial struggle" through history, present and future.

It is generally believed that the draft resolution is a political declaration of the Chinese Communists to keep their original mission in mind and to uphold and develop socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era. It is also an action guide to learn from history, create the future, and realize the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. It is in the same line as the first two historical resolutions of the Communist Party of China and keeps pace with the times, It will certainly encourage the whole party to strive for greater glory in the new era and new journey.

In the process of soliciting opinions, many good opinions and suggestions have been put forward by various departments in various regions. The document drafting group analyzes these opinions and suggestions one by one, so as to absorb as much as possible. After repeated study and deliberation, 547 amendments were made to the draft resolution, which fully reflected the opinions and suggestions of various departments in various regions.

In the process of drafting the draft resolution, the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee held three meetings and the Political Bureau of the Central Committee held two meetings for deliberation, forming the draft resolution submitted to the plenary session for deliberation.

3、 The basic framework and main contents of the draft resolution

In addition to the preamble and concluding remarks, the draft resolution consists of seven parts.

The first part is "to win the great victory of the new democratic revolution". The main task of the party in this period is to oppose imperialism, feudalism and bureaucratic capitalism, strive for national independence and people's liberation, and create fundamental social conditions for the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. This paper analyzes the historical background of the party's emergence, summarizes the historical process and great achievements of the revolutionary struggle carried out by the people under the leadership of the party at the beginning of the founding of the party and the great revolution period, the Agrarian Revolutionary War period, the Anti Japanese War period and the liberation war period, as well as the great achievements in establishing Mao Zedong Thought and implementing and promoting the great project of Party building. Emphasizing the establishment of the people's Republic of China, realizing national independence and people's liberation, and realizing China's great leap from feudal autocracy to people's democracy for thousands of years; The Communist Party of China and the Chinese people solemnly declared to the world with their heroic and tenacious struggle that the Chinese people have stood up from now on. The era when the Chinese nation was subjected to arbitrary and bullying has gone forever, and a new era has opened up for China's development.

The second part "completes the socialist revolution and advances the socialist construction". The main task facing the party in this period is to realize the transformation from New Democracy to socialism, carry out socialist revolution, promote socialist construction, and lay the fundamental political premise and institutional foundation for the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. After the founding of the people's Republic of China, the Party led the people to overcome a series of severe challenges, consolidate the new political power, successfully complete the socialist transformation, establish the socialist system, carry out comprehensive and large-scale socialist construction, and open up a new situation in foreign affairs. This paper summarizes the efforts made by the party to strengthen the construction of the ruling party and the preliminary experience accumulated. On the basis of expounding the original theoretical achievements obtained by the party in this period, the paper makes a scientific evaluation of Mao Zedong thought. It emphasizes that the great achievements made by the party's leading people in this period have realized the great leap forward of a poor, white and populous oriental country into a socialist society; The Communist Party of China and the Chinese people solemnly declare to the world that the Chinese people are not only good at destroying an old world, but also good at building a new world. Only socialism can save China and only socialism can develop China.

The third part is "reform and opening up and socialist modernization". The main task facing the party in this period is to continue to explore the correct path of building socialism in China, emancipate and develop social productive forces, so that the people can get rid of poverty and become rich as soon as possible, so as to provide a new dynamic system guarantee and material conditions for rapid development for the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. It emphasizes the historical significance of the Third Plenary Session of the Eleventh Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, summarizes the historical contributions made by the Chinese Communists with Comrade Deng Xiaoping as the main representative, the Chinese Communists with Comrade Jiang Zemin as the main representative, and the Chinese Communists mainly represented by Comrade Hu Jintao We should promote reform and opening up and socialist modernization, calmly deal with a series of risks and tests related to the overall situation of China's reform, development and stability, promote the great cause of the reunification of the motherland, safeguard world peace and promote common development, and create and promote new great projects of Party building, so as to display the magnificent historical picture and great achievements attracting worldwide attention in the new period. The great achievements made by the party in leading the people in this period have promoted the great leap of the Chinese nation from standing up to becoming rich; The Communist Party of China and the Chinese people solemnly declare to the world that reform and opening up are the key measures to determine the future and destiny of contemporary China, the socialist road with Chinese characteristics is the correct road to guide China's development and prosperity, and China has made great strides to catch up with the times.

The fourth part is "creating a new era of socialism with Chinese characteristics". The main task facing the party in this period is to realize the first centenary goal of building a moderately prosperous society in an all-round way, start a new journey of the second centenary goal of building a socialist modern power in an all-round way, and continue to advance towards the grand goal of realizing the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. This paper expounds the new era of socialism with Chinese characteristics, which is the new historical orientation of China's development, summarizes the theoretical innovation achievements of the party since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, and deeply analyzes the situation, risks and challenges faced by the party in the new era, including adhering to the party's overall leadership, comprehensively administering the party strictly, economic construction, comprehensively deepening reform and opening up, political construction, comprehensively ruling the country according to law, cultural construction, etc In the 13 aspects of social construction, ecological civilization construction, national defense and military construction, safeguarding national security, adhering to "one country, two systems" and promoting the reunification of the motherland and diplomatic work, the paper summarizes the historical achievements and changes of the party and the state in the new era in different fields, focusing on the original ideas, transformative practices, breakthrough progress in the past nine years Landmark achievements. It emphasizes that the great achievements created by the party's leadership over the people in this period have provided a more perfect institutional guarantee, a more solid material foundation and a more active spiritual strength for the realization of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation; The Communist Party of China and the Chinese people solemnly declare to the world that the Chinese nation has ushered in a great leap from standing up, becoming rich and becoming strong.

The fifth part is "the historical significance of the Centennial struggle of the Communist Party of China". On the basis of a comprehensive review of the party's Centennial struggle and major achievements, this paper summarizes the historical significance of the party's Centennial struggle from a broader perspective, that is, the party's Centennial struggle has fundamentally changed the future and destiny of the Chinese people, opened a correct path to realize the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation, demonstrated the strong vitality of Marxism, and profoundly affected the world historical process It has forged the Communist Party of China, which is in the forefront of the times, and expounds its historic contributions to the Chinese people, to the Chinese nation, to Marxism, to the cause of human progress, and to the construction of Marxist political parties. These five generalizations, based on the land of China and looking into the future of mankind, embody the relationship between the Communist Party of China, the Chinese people and the Chinese nation, the relationship between the Communist Party of China and Marxism, world socialism and the development of human society, and link up the historical logic, theoretical logic and practical logic of the Centennial struggle of the Communist Party of China.

The sixth part is "the historical experience of the Communist Party of China in the past 100 years". This paper summarizes ten historical experiences with fundamental and long-term guiding significance, namely, adhering to the party's leadership, adhering to the people's supremacy, adhering to theoretical innovation, adhering to independence, adhering to the Chinese road, adhering to the world in mind, persisting in pioneering and innovating, daring to struggle, adhering to the united front of war, and adhering to self revolution. These ten historical experiences are an organic whole with systematic integrity and mutual connection. They reveal the fundamental guarantee for the continuous success of the party and the people's cause, the source of strength for the party to remain invincible, the fundamental reason for the party to always grasp the historical initiative, and the fundamental way for the party to keep its progressiveness and purity and always walk in the forefront of the times. It is emphasized that these ten historical experiences are valuable experiences accumulated through long-term practice and spiritual wealth jointly created by the party and the people. They must be cherished and adhered to for a long time, and constantly enriched and developed in the practice of the new era.

The seventh part is "the Communist Party of China in the new era". Focusing on the realization of the second centenary goal, the party should strive to achieve the set goal with the firm determination of the green mountains and unswervingly promote the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation with the sober and unremitting efforts of the people who have gone a hundred miles; It emphasizes that we must adhere to the party's basic theory, basic line and basic strategy, base ourselves on the new development stage, implement the new development concept, build a new development pattern, promote high-quality development, and jointly promote people's prosperity, national prosperity and China's beauty; It emphasizes that we must always maintain flesh and blood ties with the people and constantly realize, safeguard and develop the fundamental interests of the overwhelming majority of the people; It emphasizes that we must bear in mind that we are born in trouble and die of happiness, always think long-term and think of danger in times of peace, and continue to push forward the new great project of Party building in the new era; He stressed that we must do a good job in the fundamental plan of having successors. We call on the whole party, the whole army and the people of all ethnic groups in China not to forget yesterday's suffering and glory, live up to today's mission, live up to the great dream of tomorrow, learn from history, create the future, work hard and forge ahead bravely, and make unremitting efforts to realize the second centenary goal and the Chinese dream of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.

Comrades! To consider and adopt this resolution is the main task of this plenary session. We should implement the requirements of the Party Central Committee, grasp the history, the present and the future, think deeply, discuss deeply, concentrate on the collective wisdom, put forward constructive opinions and suggestions, and jointly hold the plenary session and revise the draft resolution.



Source: Xinhuanet

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