Resolution of the CPC Central Committee on the great achievements and historical experience of the party's Centennial struggle
(adopted at the Sixth Plenary Session of the 19th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China on November 11, 2021)
Since its founding in 1921, the Communist Party of China has always regarded seeking happiness for the Chinese people and rejuvenation of the Chinese nation as its original mission. It has been a glorious course of one hundred years to unite and lead the people of all ethnic groups in the country to strive for national independence, people's liberation, national prosperity and people's happiness.
Over the past 100 years, the party has led the people to fight with blood and perseverance, creating great achievements in the new democratic revolution; The great achievements of socialist revolution and construction have been created through self-reliance and indignation; Emancipating the mind and forging ahead with determination have created great achievements in reform, opening up and socialist modernization; Self confidence, self-improvement, integrity and innovation have created great achievements of socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era. The struggle of the party and the people for a hundred years has written the most magnificent epic in the history of the Chinese nation for thousands of years.
Summing up the great achievements and historical experience of the party's Centennial struggle is the need to start a new journey of building a modern socialist country in an all-round way and to uphold and develop socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era; It is the need to enhance political awareness, overall situation awareness, core awareness and alignment consciousness, strengthen self-confidence in the road, theory, system and culture, firmly safeguard the core position of Comrade Xi Jinping's Party Central Committee and the whole party, resolutely safeguard the authority of the Party Central Committee and centralized and unified leadership, and ensure that the whole party moves forward in step; It is the need to promote the party's self revolution, improve the ability of the whole party to fight against risks and challenges, maintain the vitality of the party, and unite and lead the people of all ethnic groups in China to continue to struggle for the realization of the Chinese dream of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. The whole party should adhere to the historical materialism and the correct historical view of the party, see clearly from the party's hundred year struggle why we were able to succeed in the past and how we can continue to succeed in the future, so as to carry out the original mission more firmly and consciously, and better adhere to and develop socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era.
The "resolution on certain historical issues" adopted by the seventh plenary session of the Sixth Central Committee of the CPC in 1945 and the "resolution on certain historical issues since the founding of the people's Republic of China" adopted at the Sixth Plenary Session of the Eleventh Central Committee of the party in 1981, which summed up the Party's major historical events and important experiences and lessons, and unified the thinking and action of the whole party at a crucial historical moment, It has played an important leading role in promoting the cause of the party and the people, and its basic statements and conclusions are still applicable today.
1、 Win the great victory of the new democratic revolution
During the new democratic revolution, the main task of the party is to oppose imperialism, feudalism and bureaucratic capitalism, strive for national independence and people's liberation, and create fundamental social conditions for the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.
The Chinese nation is an ancient and great nation in the world. It has created a splendid civilization lasting for more than 5000 years and has made indelible contributions to the progress of human civilization. After the Opium War in 1840, due to the invasion of Western powers and the corruption of feudal rule, China gradually became a semi colonial and semi feudal society. The country was humiliated, the people were suffering, and civilization was in dust. The Chinese nation suffered unprecedented disasters. In order to save the nation from danger, the Chinese people rose up against it, and the people with lofty ideals ran and cried, and carried out a lamentable struggle. The Taiping Heavenly Kingdom movement, the Westernization Movement, the 1898 Reform Movement, and the Boxer Movement began one after another. Various national salvation programs were introduced in turn, but all ended in failure. The revolution of 1911 led by Dr. Sun Yat Sen overthrew the autocratic monarchy which ruled China for thousands of years, but failed to change the social nature of semi colonial and semi feudal China and the tragic fate of the Chinese people. China urgently needs new ideas to lead the national salvation movement and new organizations to gather revolutionary forces.
The October Revolution brought Marxism Leninism to China. The May 4th Movement promoted the spread of Marxism in China. In the great awakening of the Chinese people and the Chinese nation, and in the close combination of Marxism Leninism and the Chinese workers' movement, the Communist Party of China came into being in July 1921. The emergence of the Communist Party in China is an epoch-making event, and the Chinese revolution has taken on a new look.
The party is deeply aware that the main social contradictions in modern China are the contradictions between imperialism and the Chinese nation, feudalism and the people. To realize the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation, we must fight against imperialism and feudalism.
At the beginning of the founding of the party and during the great revolution, the party formulated the program of democratic revolution, launched the workers' movement, the youth movement, the peasant movement and the women's movement, promoted and helped the reorganization of the Kuomintang and the establishment of the National Revolutionary Army, led the great anti imperialist and anti feudal struggle throughout the country and set off the climax of the great revolution. In 1927, the reactionary groups in the Kuomintang revolted and massacred the Communists and the revolutionary people cruelly. Due to the right-wing thought represented by Chen Duxiu in the party developed into a right opportunistic error and occupied a dominant position in the party's leading organs, the party and the people could not organize effective resistance, which led to the great revolution's disastrous failure under the sudden attack of powerful enemies.
During the Agrarian Revolutionary War, the party realized from the cruel reality that without the revolutionary armed forces, the armed counter revolution could not be defeated, the victory of the Chinese revolution could not be won, and the fate of the Chinese people and the Chinese nation could not be changed. Armed revolution must be used to oppose the armed counter revolution. The Nanchang Uprising fired the first shot against the Kuomintang reactionaries, marking the beginning of the Communist Party of China's independent leadership of the revolutionary war, the establishment of the people's army and the armed seizure of power. The 1987 conference established the policy of carrying out the agrarian revolution and armed uprising. The Party led the autumn harvest uprisings, Guangzhou uprisings and many other regional uprisings, but most of them failed because of the great disparity between the enemy and ourselves. Facts have proved that under the objective conditions at that time, the Chinese Communists could not have won the revolution in the whole country by occupying the central city first, as the October Revolution did in Russia. The party urgently needed to find a revolutionary road suitable for China's national conditions.
It is a decisive new starting point for the Chinese revolution to shift from attacking big cities to marching into the countryside. Comrade Mao Zedong led the army and the people to establish the first rural revolutionary base in Jinggangshan, and the Party led the people to fight against local tyrants and divide the fields. Gutian Conference established the principle of Ideological Party building and political army building. With the development of the struggle, the Party established the central revolutionary base areas and the bases of Western Hunan and Hubei, hailufeng, Hubei Henan Anhui, QiongYa, Fujian Zhejiang Jiangxi, Hunan Hubei Jiangxi, Hunan Jiangxi, Zuoyoujiang, Sichuan Shaanxi, Shaanxi Gansu, Hunan Hubei and Guizhou. The party also developed the party and other revolutionary organizations in the white areas under the rule of the Kuomintang and carried out mass revolutionary struggle. However, due to the wrong leadership of Wang Ming's "left" dogmatism in the party and the failure of the fifth anti "encirclement and suppression" campaign in the central revolutionary base area, the Red Army had to carry out strategic transfer and move to northern Shaanxi after the arduous Long March. The mistakes of the "left" line caused great losses to the revolutionary forces in the revolutionary base areas and the white areas.
In January 1935, the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee held a meeting in Zunyi on the way to the long march. In fact, it established Comrade Mao Zedong's leading position in the Party Central Committee and the Red Army. It began to establish the leading position of the correct Marxist line with Comrade Mao Zedong as the main representative in the Party Central Committee, and began to form the first generation of central leading collective with Comrade Mao Zedong as the core, It opened a new stage for the party to solve the practical problems of the Chinese revolution independently. It saved the party, the Red Army and the Chinese revolution at the most critical moment. After that, it enabled the party to overcome Zhang Guotao's separatism, successfully completed the long march and opened up a new situation of Chinese revolution. This is a crucial turning point in the history of the party.
During the Anti Japanese War, after the September 18th Incident, the national contradictions between China and Japan gradually surpassed the domestic class contradictions and rose to the main contradictions. At a time when Japanese imperialism stepped up its invasion of China and the national crisis was unprecedented serious, the party took the lead in holding high the banner of armed resistance against Japan, extensively launched the Anti Japanese and national salvation movement, and contributed to the peaceful settlement of the Xi'an Incident, which played a significant historical role in promoting the cooperation between the Kuomintang and the Communist Party and uniting against Japan. After the July 7 Incident, the party carried out the correct Anti Japanese national united front policy, adhered to the line of all-round Anti Japanese War, put forward and implemented the general strategic policy of protracted war and a set of strategic tactics of people's war, opened up vast battlefields and anti Japanese base areas behind the enemy lines, led the Eighth Route Army, the New Fourth Army, the Northeast Anti Japanese United Army and other people's Anti Japanese armed forces to fight bravely, It became the mainstay of the whole nation's Anti Japanese War until the final victory of the Chinese people's Anti Japanese war. This is the first complete victory of the Chinese people's national liberation struggle against the invasion of foreign enemies since modern times, and it is also an important part of the victory of the world anti fascist war.
During the war of liberation, in the face of the all-round civil war launched by the reactionaries of the Kuomintang, the Party led the army and the people to gradually shift from active defense to strategic attack, winning the three major battles of Liaoshen, Huaihai, Pingjin, and the cross river campaign, marching victoriously to the Central South, northwest and southwest China, wiping out eight million troops of the Kuomintang reactionaries, overthrowing the reactionary government of the Kuomintang, overthrowing imperialism, feudalism and so on There are three mountains of bureaucratic capitalism. With the support of the people, the people's army under the leadership of the party, with indomitable heroism, fought a life and death struggle against the vicious enemy with indomitable heroism and established a historical meritorious service for the victory of the new democratic revolution.
In the revolutionary struggle, the Chinese Communists, mainly represented by Comrade Mao Zedong, combined the basic principles of Marxism Leninism with China's specific reality, theoretically summarized a series of original experiences accumulated through arduous exploration and great sacrifice, opened up the correct revolutionary road of Encircling Cities by villages and seizing political power by armed forces, and founded Mao Zedong thought, It pointed out the right direction for winning the victory of the new democratic revolution.
In the revolutionary struggle, the party carried forward the great party building spirit of adhering to the truth, adhering to the ideal, practicing the original intention, undertaking the mission, being not afraid of sacrifice and brave struggle, loyal to the party and living up to the people, implementing and promoting the great project of Party building, and put forward the principle of building the party ideologically, adhering to democratic centralism, adhering to the principle of integrating theory with practice, and closely connecting with the masses The three fine styles of work of criticism and self-criticism form the three magic weapons of the United Front, armed struggle and Party building, and strive to build a nationwide, broad masses, ideologically, politically and organizationally consolidated Marxist political party. Since 1942, the party began to carry out rectification in the whole party. This campaign of Marxist ideological education has achieved great results. The party has formulated the resolution on certain historical issues, so that the whole Party has a consistent understanding of the basic issues of the Chinese revolution. The Seventh National Congress of the Communist Party of China formulated the correct line, principles and policies for the establishment of a new democratic new China, which made the whole Party achieve unprecedented unity and unity in ideology, politics and organization.
After 28 years of bloody struggle, the Party led the people and, with the active cooperation of various democratic parties and non party Democrats, announced the establishment of the people's Republic of China on October 1, 1949, realizing national independence and people's liberation. It completely ended the history of semi colonial and semi feudal society in old China and the history of the rule of a very small number of exploiters over the working people, It has completely ended the scattered situation in old China, completely abolished the unequal treaties imposed on China by the powerful powers and all the privileges of imperialism in China, realized the great leap from feudal autocracy to people's democracy in China for thousands of years, greatly changed the world political situation, and encouraged the oppressed nations and oppressed people in the world to fight for liberation.
Practice has fully demonstrated that history and the people have chosen the Communist Party of China. Without the leadership of the Communist Party of China, national independence and people's Liberation cannot be realized. The Communist Party of China and the Chinese people solemnly declared to the world with their heroic and tenacious struggle that the Chinese people have stood up from now on. The era when the Chinese nation was subjected to arbitrary and bullying has gone forever, and a new era has opened up for China's development.
2、 Complete the socialist revolution and promote socialist construction
During the period of socialist revolution and construction, the main task facing the party is to realize the transformation from New Democracy to socialism, carry out socialist revolution, promote socialist construction, and lay the fundamental political premise and institutional foundation for the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.
After the founding of new China, the Party led the people to overcome a series of severe political, economic and military challenges, eliminated the remaining armed forces and bandits of the Kuomintang reactionaries, liberated Tibet peacefully and realized the complete reunification of the motherland's mainland; We should stabilize prices, unify financial and economic work, complete land reform, carry out democratic reform in all aspects of society, implement equal rights between men and women, suppress counter revolution, and carry out the "three evils" and "five evils" movements, so as to clean up the mud and mud left by the old society, and take a new look at society. The Chinese people's volunteers crossed the Yalu River bravely and bravely, fought side by side with the Korean people and the army, defeated the powerful enemy armed to the teeth, played the national and military power, played the spirit of the Chinese people, won the great victory of the war of resistance against U.S. aggression and aid Korea, safeguarded the security of new China, and demonstrated the great power status of new China. New China has gained a firm foothold in the complicated domestic and international environment.
Under the leadership of the party, the establishment and consolidation of the state power of the people's democratic dictatorship led by the working class and based on the alliance of workers and peasants has created conditions for the rapid development of the country. In 1949, the first plenary session of the Chinese people's Political Consultative Conference formulated the common program of the Chinese people's Political Consultative Conference. In 1953, the party formally put forward the general line for the transitional period, that is, to gradually realize the socialist industrialization of the country and gradually realize the socialist transformation of agriculture, handicraft industry and capitalist industry and Commerce in a fairly long period of time. In 1954, the first session of the first National People's Congress was held and the constitution of the people's Republic of China was adopted. In 1956, China basically completed the socialist transformation of private ownership of means of production, basically realized public ownership of means of production and distribution according to work, and established a socialist economic system. The Party leadership has established the people's Congress system, the multi-party cooperation and political consultation system under the leadership of the Communist Party of China, and the system of regional ethnic autonomy, which provides institutional guarantee for the people to be masters of the country. The party's leadership has achieved and consolidated the great unity of the people of all ethnic groups in the country, formed and developed socialist ethnic relations of equality and mutual assistance among all ethnic groups, realized and consolidated the great unity of workers, peasants, intellectuals and other people of all walks of life, and strengthened and expanded the broad united front. The establishment of the socialist system has laid an important foundation for China's progress and development.
According to the situation after China's socialist transformation has been basically completed, the Eighth National Congress of the Communist Party of China put forward that the main domestic contradiction is no longer the contradiction between the working class and the bourgeoisie, but the contradiction between the people's need for rapid economic and cultural development and the current situation in which the economy and culture can not meet the needs of the people. The main task of the people of the whole country is to concentrate on the development of social productive forces, To realize national industrialization and gradually meet the growing material and cultural needs of the people. The party proposes to gradually build China into a powerful socialist country with modern agriculture, modern industry, modern national defense and modern science and technology, and lead the people to carry out comprehensive and large-scale socialist construction. Through the implementation of several five-year plans, China has established an independent and relatively complete industrial system and national economic system. The conditions for agricultural production have changed significantly, and education, science, culture, health and sports have greatly developed. "Two bombs and one satellite" and other cutting-edge national defense technologies have made continuous breakthroughs, and the national defense industry has gradually developed from scratch. The people's Liberation Army (PLA) has grown and improved from a single army to a combined army including Navy, air force and other technical arms, which provides a strong backing for consolidating the new people's regime, establishing China's status as a great power and safeguarding the dignity of the Chinese nation.
The party adheres to the independent foreign policy of peace, advocates and adheres to the five principles of peaceful coexistence, firmly upholds national independence, sovereignty and dignity, supports and assists the world's oppressed national liberation, the construction of new independent countries and the just struggle of the people of all countries, and opposes imperialism, hegemonism, colonialism and racism, thus putting an end to the humiliating diplomacy of old China. The party has adjusted its diplomatic strategy in light of the situation, promoted the restoration of all China's legitimate rights in the United Nations, opened up a new situation in its foreign work, and promoted the formation of a pattern in which the international community adheres to the one China principle. The party put forward the strategy of dividing the three worlds, made a solemn promise that China would never seek hegemony, and won the respect and praise of the international community, especially the developing countries.
The party fully foresees the new challenges facing the country's governance. As early as the second plenary session of the seventh CPC Central Committee held on the eve of the national victory in the war of liberation, it was proposed to the whole party that we must continue to maintain the style of modesty, prudence, arrogance and impetuousness, and that we must continue to maintain the style of arduous struggle. After the founding of the people's Republic of China, the party has put forward the major issues of Party building under the ruling conditions, strengthening the party's construction and consolidating the party's leadership ideologically, organizationally and in style. The party should strengthen the theoretical study and knowledge training of cadres, improve the leadership level of the party, and require the whole party, especially the senior cadres, to enhance the consciousness of maintaining the unity and unity of the party. The party carries out rectification, strengthens inner-party education, reorganizes grass-roots party organizations, improves the conditions for Party members, and opposes bureaucracy, commandism, corruption and waste. The party is highly vigilant and strives to prevent the corruption of Party members and cadres and resolutely punish corruption. These important measures have enhanced the purity of the party and the unity of the whole party, have strengthened the contact between the party and the masses, and accumulated preliminary experience in the construction of the ruling party.
During this period, Comrade Mao Zedong proposed the "second combination" of the basic principles of Marxism Leninism with the concrete reality of China. The Chinese Communists, mainly represented by Comrade Mao Zedong, enriched and developed Mao Zedong Thought in light of the new reality, and put forward a series of important thoughts on the construction of socialism, including that socialist society is a very long historical stage, We should strictly distinguish and correctly handle the contradictions between the enemy and ourselves and the contradictions among the people, correctly handle the ten major relations in China's socialist construction, take a road of industrialization suitable for China's national conditions, respect the law of value, and implement the principle of "long-term coexistence and mutual supervision" in the relationship between the party and the democratic parties, In scientific and cultural work, we should implement the policy of "letting a hundred flowers bloom and a hundred schools of thought contend". These original theoretical achievements still have important guiding significance.
Mao Zedong thought is the creative application and development of Marxism Leninism in China. It is the correct theoretical principle and experience summary of Chinese revolution and construction proved by practice. It is the first historical leap of Marxism in China. The living soul of Mao Zedong thought is the standpoint, viewpoint and method that run through each component, which is embodied in three basic aspects: seeking truth from facts, mass line and independence, which provides scientific guidance for the development of the cause of the party and the people.
It is a pity that the correct line formed by the Eighth National Congress of the Communist Party of China has not been fully adhered to. There have been mistakes in the "great leap forward" movement and the people's commune movement. The struggle against the right has also been seriously expanded. In the face of the severe and complex external environment at that time, the party paid great attention to the consolidation of the socialist regime and made various efforts. However, Comrade Mao Zedong's mistakes in theory and practice of class struggle in socialist society have become more and more serious, and the Party Central Committee has failed to correct them in time. Comrade Mao Zedong made a completely wrong estimation of the class situation and the political situation of the party and the country at that time, and launched and led the "Cultural Revolution". Two counter revolutionary groups, Lin Biao and Jiang Qing, took advantage of Comrade Mao Zedong's mistakes and carried out a large number of criminal activities that caused harm to the country and the people, resulting in ten years of civil strife The people suffered the most serious setback and loss since the founding of new China, and the lessons were extremely painful. In October 1976, the Political Bureau of the Central Committee, acting on the will of the party and the people, resolutely smashed the gang of four and ended the disaster of the "Cultural Revolution".
From the founding of the people's Republic of China to the eve of reform and opening up, the Party led the people to complete the socialist revolution and eliminate all the exploitation systems, thus realizing the most extensive and profound social change in the history of the Chinese nation, and realizing the great leap forward of the impoverished, populous oriental country into a socialist society. In the process of exploration, although it has experienced serious twists and turns, the party's original theoretical achievements and great achievements in the socialist revolution and construction have provided valuable experience, theoretical preparation and material basis for creating socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new historical period.
The Communist Party of China and the Chinese people solemnly declare to the world that the Chinese people are not only good at destroying an old world, but also good at building a new world. Only socialism can save China and only socialism can develop China.
3、 Carrying out reform and opening up and socialist modernization
In the new period of reform and opening up and socialist modernization, the main task facing the party is to continue to explore the correct road for China's socialist construction, liberate and develop social productive forces, so that the people can get rid of poverty and become rich as soon as possible, and provide new and dynamic institutional guarantee and material conditions for rapid development to realize the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.
After the end of the "Cultural Revolution", at the critical historical moment when the party and the country are faced with what course to follow, the party has profoundly realized that only reform and opening up is the only way out, otherwise our modernization and socialist undertakings will be buried. In December 1978, the party held the Third Plenary Session of the 11th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, resolutely ended the "class struggle as the key link", realized the strategic transfer of the party and the state's work center, opened a new period of reform and opening up and socialist modernization, and realized a great turning point of far-reaching significance in the history of the party since the founding of new China. The party made a major decision to completely deny the "Cultural Revolution". Over the past 40 years, the party has unswervingly adhered to the line, principles and policies established at this plenary session.
After the Third Plenary Session of the Eleventh Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, with Comrade Deng Xiaoping as the main representative, United and led the whole Party and the people of all ethnic groups in the country, profoundly summed up the positive and negative experiences since the founding of new China, focused on the fundamental issue of what socialism is and how to build socialism, drew lessons from the historical experience of world socialism, and established Deng Xiaoping theory to emancipate the mind, Seeking truth from facts, we have made a historic decision to shift the work center of the party and the state to economic construction and to carry out reform and opening up. We have profoundly revealed the essence of socialism, established the basic line for the primary stage of socialism, clearly proposed to take our own road and build socialism with Chinese characteristics, and scientifically answered a series of basic questions about building socialism with Chinese characteristics, We formulated a development strategy of basically realizing socialist modernization in three steps by the middle of the 21st century, and successfully created socialism with Chinese characteristics.
After the Fourth Plenary Session of the 13th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, with Comrade Jiang Zemin as the main representative, United and led the whole Party and the people of all ethnic groups in the country, adhered to the party's basic theory and line, deepened their understanding of what socialism is, how to build socialism, what kind of party to build and how to build the party, and formed the important thought of "Three Represents", In the face of the severe test of complicated domestic and international situations and serious twists and turns of world socialism, we have defended socialism with Chinese characteristics, established the reform objectives and basic framework of the socialist market economic system, established the basic economic system with public ownership as the main body and multiple ownership economies developing together in the primary stage of socialism, and distribution according to work as the main body The distribution system of coexistence of various modes of distribution has created a new situation of comprehensive reform and opening up, promoted the great new project of Party building, and successfully pushed socialism with Chinese characteristics into the 21st century.
After the 16th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, with Comrade Hu Jintao as the main representative, United and led the whole Party and the people of all ethnic groups in promoting practical innovation, theoretical innovation and institutional innovation in the process of building a moderately prosperous society in an all-round way, profoundly understood and answered major issues such as what kind of development and how to develop under the new situation, and formed a scientific outlook on development, Seizing the important period of strategic opportunities, we have been concentrating on construction and development. We have insisted on people-oriented, comprehensive, coordinated and sustainable development, focused on ensuring and improving people's livelihood, promoting social equity and justice, and promoting the construction of the party's governing capacity and advanced nature. We have successfully adhered to and developed socialism with Chinese characteristics under the new situation.
In order to promote reform and opening up, the party has reestablished the ideological, political and organizational lines of Marxism, completely denied the wrong policy of "two whats", and correctly evaluated Comrade Mao Zedong's historical position and the scientific system of Mao Zedong thought. The party has made it clear that the main contradiction in our society is the contradiction between the people's growing material and cultural needs and the backward social production. To solve this major contradiction is our central task and to put forward the goal of a well-off society. The party has restored and formulated a series of correct policies in all aspects of its work to adjust the national economy. The party's leadership comprehensively carried out ideological, political, organizational and other fields to set things right, redress unjust, false and wrong cases on a large scale and adjust social relations. The party's formulation of the "resolution on some historical issues of the party since the founding of the people's Republic of China" marks the successful completion of the party's guiding ideology.
The party is deeply aware that to create a new situation of reform, opening up and socialist modernization, we must lead the cause development with theoretical innovation. Comrade Deng Xiaoping pointed out that if a party, a country, or a nation starts from the root of the book, has rigid ideas and prevails in superstition, it will not be able to advance, its vitality will stop, and it will perish. The party has led and supported a great discussion on the standard of truth. Proceeding from the new practice and the characteristics of the times, we have adhered to and developed Marxism, and scientifically answered the development path, stage, fundamental task, driving force, development strategy, political guarantee, reunification of the motherland, diplomatic and international strategies for building socialism with Chinese characteristics A series of basic problems, such as leadership and reliance, have formed the theoretical system of socialism with Chinese characteristics and achieved a new leap in the Sinicization of Marxism.
The 12th, 13th, 14th, 15th, 16th and 17th National Congress of the CPC, in accordance with the development and changes of the international and domestic situation, and proceeding from the new requirements of China's development, consistently made comprehensive arrangements for promoting reform, opening up and socialist modernization, and held many central plenary sessions to study and deploy major work of reform, development and stability. China's reform has taken the lead from the implementation of the household contract responsibility system with linked output in rural areas, gradually turning to urban economic system reform and comprehensively spreading out, establishing the reform direction of socialist market economy, giving full play to the basic role of the market in resource allocation to a greater extent and in a wider range, and adhering to and improving the basic economic system and distribution system. The Party firmly promotes the reform of the economic system, and at the same time carries out structural reform in political, cultural, social and other fields, promotes the reform of the party building system, and constantly forms and develops institutions and mechanisms that are in line with the national conditions of contemporary China and are full of vitality. The party has established opening up as a basic state policy. From establishing special economic zones such as Shenzhen, developing and opening Pudong, promoting the opening up of central cities along the coast, along the Yangtze River and inland areas to joining the world trade organization, and from "bringing in" to "going out", we should make full use of the two markets and resources at home and abroad. Through the continuous promotion of reform and opening up, China has achieved a historic transformation from a highly centralized planned economic system to a dynamic socialist market economic system, from a closed and semi closed system to an all-round opening-up.
In order to accelerate socialist modernization, the party has led the people in economic, political, cultural and social construction, and made a series of major achievements. The party adheres to the principle that economic construction is the central task and development is the most important principle. It puts forward that science and technology are the primary productive forces, implement major strategies such as rejuvenating the country through science and education, sustainable development, and strengthening the country with talents, promote the western development, revitalize the old industrial bases such as northeast China, promote the rise of the central region, support the eastern region to take the lead in development, and promote the coordinated development of urban and rural areas and regions, We will promote the reform and development of state-owned enterprises, encourage and support the development of the non-public sector of the economy, accelerate the transformation of the mode of economic development, strengthen the protection of the ecological environment, promote sustained and rapid economic development, and greatly enhance the comprehensive national strength. The party adheres to the organic unity of the party's leadership, the people being the masters of the country, and the rule of law. It develops socialist democratic politics, builds socialist political civilization, actively and steadily promotes the reform of the political system, adheres to the combination of the rule of law and the rule of virtue, formulates a new constitution, builds a socialist legal system with Chinese characteristics, respects and safeguards human rights, Consolidate and develop the most extensive patriotic united front. The party should strengthen the education of ideals and beliefs, promote the construction of socialist core value system, build socialist spiritual civilization, develop advanced socialist culture, and promote the great development and prosperity of socialist culture. The party has accelerated social construction focusing on improving people's livelihood, improved people's livelihood, abolished agricultural tax, and continuously promoted education, income from work, medical care for the sick, security for the elderly, and housing for the elderly, so as to promote social harmony and stability. The party has put forward the general goal of building a powerful modern and regularized revolutionary army. The basic point of military struggle preparation is to win the local war under the condition of informationization, promote the military reform with Chinese characteristics and take the road of elite troops with Chinese characteristics.
In the face of the ever-changing international situation, the party unswervingly adheres to the four basic principles, resolutely eliminates all kinds of interference, and calmly deals with a series of risk tests related to the overall situation of China's reform, development and stability. In the late 1980s and early 1990s, the Soviet Union disintegrated and Eastern Europe underwent drastic changes. Due to the support and instigation of the international anti Communist and anti socialist hostile forces, the international climate and the domestic microclimate led to a serious political disturbance in China at the turn of spring and summer of 1989. Relying on the people, the party and the government took a clear stand against the turmoil, defended the socialist state power and safeguarded the fundamental interests of the people. The Party led the people to successfully cope with economic risks such as the Asian financial crisis and the international financial crisis, successfully held the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games and Paralympic Games, overcame natural disasters such as severe floods in the Yangtze River, Nenjiang River and Songhua River Basin, and the Wenchuan earthquake, and overcame the SARS epidemic, which demonstrated the party's ability to resist risks and control complex situations.
The party has made unremitting efforts to complete the great cause of the reunification of the motherland as a historical task. Comrade Deng Xiaoping creatively put forward the scientific concept of "one country, two systems", and opened up a new way to realize the reunification of the motherland by peaceful means. After arduous work and struggle, the Chinese government resumed the exercise of sovereignty over Hong Kong and Macao one after another, thus washing away the century old humiliation of the Chinese nation. After the return of Hong Kong and Macao to the motherland, the central government acted in strict accordance with the Constitution and the basic law of the Special Administrative Region to maintain the long-term prosperity and stability of Hong Kong and Macao. The party grasps the overall situation of solving the Taiwan issue, establishes the basic principle of "peaceful reunification and one country, two systems", promotes the two sides of the Strait to reach the "1992 consensus" embodying the one China principle, promotes cross-strait consultation and negotiation, realizes comprehensive, direct and two-way "three links", and opens up cross-strait political party exchanges. We will formulate an anti secession law, resolutely curb the "Taiwan independence" forces, promote the reunification of the motherland, and effectively frustrate all kinds of attempts to create "two Chinas", "one China, one Taiwan" and "Taiwan independence".
The party scientifically judges the characteristics of the times and the international situation, and puts forward that peace and development are the themes of the times. The party adheres to the foreign policy purpose of safeguarding world peace and promoting common development, adjusts its relations with major powers, develops good neighborly and friendly relations with neighboring countries, deepens friendly cooperation with the vast number of developing countries, actively participates in international and regional affairs, and establishes a new pattern of all-round and multi-level foreign relations. The party actively promotes world multipolarization and democratization of international relations, promotes the development of economic globalization in the direction conducive to common prosperity, takes a clear-cut stand against hegemonism and power politics, firmly upholds the interests of the vast number of developing countries, promotes the establishment of a fair and reasonable new international political and economic order, and promotes lasting world peace and common prosperity.
The party has always stressed that ruling the country must first govern the party and be strict in its affairs. It should concentrate on the party's construction and create and promote a new great project of Party building. The party formulates a number of guidelines for the political life within the party, improves democratic centralism, develops democracy within the party, and realizes the normalization of political life within the party; We should carry out Party consolidation in a planned and step-by-step way, and strive to solve the problems of impure ideology, style and organization within the party; In accordance with the principle of being revolutionary, young, knowledgeable and professional, we should strengthen the construction of the contingent of cadres, vigorously select young and middle-aged cadres, and promote the replacement of the old and new cadres. The party has made decisions on strengthening the party's ties with the people, strengthening and improving the party's style of work, and strengthening the party's ability to govern, We should organize and carry out the education of "stressing study, politics and righteousness", the study and education activities of the important thought of "Three Represents", the educational activity of maintaining the advanced nature of CPC members, and the activity of learning and practicing the scientific outlook on development. The party has raised the party's work style and clean government construction and anti-corruption struggle to a height of vital importance to the survival of the party and the country, and promoted the construction of a system for punishing and preventing corruption.
On the occasion of the 40th anniversary of reform and opening up, the CPC Central Committee held a grand celebration meeting. Comrade Xi Jinping delivered an important speech, comprehensively summarized the great achievements and valuable experience of reform and opening up in the past 40 years, stressed that reform and opening up is a great awakening of the party, a great revolution in the development history of the Chinese people and the Chinese nation, and issued a great call to carry out reform and opening up to the end. The great achievements of reform and opening up and socialist modernization have attracted worldwide attention. China has achieved a historic breakthrough from relatively backward productivity to the second largest economy in the world. It has achieved a historic leap in people's life from insufficient food and clothing to a well-off society in general and to a well-off society in an all-round way, thus promoting the great leap of the Chinese nation from standing up to becoming rich.
The Communist Party of China and the Chinese people solemnly declare to the world that reform and opening up are the key measures to determine the future and destiny of contemporary China, the socialist road with Chinese characteristics is the correct road to guide China's development and prosperity, and China has made great strides to catch up with the times.
4、 Create a new era of socialism with Chinese characteristics
Since the 18th CPC National Congress, socialism with Chinese characteristics has entered a new era. The main task facing the party is to realize the first centenary goal, start a new journey to realize the second centenary goal, and continue to advance towards the grand goal of realizing the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.
The CPC Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core has made overall plans to grasp the overall strategic situation of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation and the unprecedented great changes in the world in a hundred years. It emphasizes that the new era of socialism with Chinese characteristics is an era that inherits the past and ushers in the future, and continues to win the great victory of socialism with Chinese characteristics under the new historical conditions The era of building a socialist modern power in an all-round way is an era in which the people of all ethnic groups work together to create a better life and gradually realize the common prosperity of all the people. It is a time for all Chinese people to work together to realize the Chinese dream of great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation, and an era in which China constantly makes greater contributions to mankind. The new era of socialism with Chinese characteristics is the new historical orientation of China's development.
The Communist Party of China, with Comrade Xi Jinping as the main representative, adheres to the combination of the basic principles of Marxism with China's specific reality and with the excellent traditional Chinese culture, adheres to Mao Zedong thought, Deng Xiaoping theory, the important thought of Three Represents and the scientific outlook on development, profoundly summarizes and makes full use of the historical experience since the founding of the party, and embarks from the new reality, He founded Xi Jinping's Thought on socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era, and made it clear that the most essential feature of socialism with Chinese characteristics is the leadership of the Communist Party of China. The greatest advantage of the socialist system with Chinese characteristics is the leadership of the Communist Party of China. The Communist Party of China is the highest political leading force. The whole Party must enhance "Four Consciousness", strengthen "four self-confidence" and achieve "two maintenance"; Clearly adhere to and develop socialism with Chinese characteristics, the general task is to achieve socialist modernization and the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. On the basis of building a moderately prosperous society in an all-round way, we should build a prosperous, strong, democratic, civilized, harmonious and beautiful socialist modern power in the middle of this century, and promote the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation with Chinese modernization; It is clear that the main social contradiction in our country in the new era is the contradiction between the people's growing needs for a better life and unbalanced and inadequate development. We must adhere to the people-centered development thought, develop people's democracy in the whole process, and promote the all-round development of human beings and the common prosperity of all the people to achieve more obvious substantive progress; It is clear that the overall layout of the cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics is a five in one integration of economic construction, political construction, cultural construction, social construction and ecological civilization construction. The strategic layout is to comprehensively build a modern socialist country, comprehensively deepen reform, comprehensively rule the country according to law, and comprehensively and strictly govern the party; The general goal of comprehensively deepening the reform is to improve and develop the socialist system with Chinese characteristics and promote the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity; The general goal of comprehensively promoting the rule of law is to build a socialist legal system with Chinese characteristics and a socialist country ruled by law; It is clear that we must adhere to and improve the basic socialist economic system, make the market play a decisive role in the allocation of resources, give better play to the role of the government, grasp the new development stage, implement the new development concept of innovation, coordination, green, openness and sharing, accelerate the construction of a new development pattern with domestic and international circulation as the main body, and promote high-quality development, Overall development and security; It is clear that the party's goal of building a strong army in the new era is to build a people's army that obeys the party's command, can fight and win battles, and has a fine style of work, so as to build the people's army into a world-class army; It is clear that great power diplomacy with Chinese characteristics should serve national rejuvenation, promote human progress, promote the construction of a new type of international relations, and promote the construction of a community of shared future for mankind; We should make clear the strategic principle of comprehensively and strictly administering the party, put forward the general requirements for Party building in the new era, comprehensively promote the party's political construction, ideological construction, organizational construction, work style construction, and discipline construction, put system construction into practice, and further promote the anti-corruption struggle, implement the responsibility of governing the party and the government, and lead the great social revolution with the great self revolution. These strategic ideas and innovative ideas are the major achievements of deepening the party's understanding of the law of building socialism with Chinese characteristics and theoretical innovation.
Comrade Xi Jinping made profound thinking and scientific judgment on a series of major theoretical and practical issues related to the development of the party and the state's cause in the new era, What kind of long-term ruling Marxist political party should be built and how to build a long-term ruling Marxist political party and other major issues of the times have put forward a series of original new ideas, new ideas and new strategies of governing the country, which are the main founders of Xi Jinping's thought of socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era. Xi Jinping's thought of socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era is contemporary Chinese Marxism, 21st century Marxism, the essence of the times of Chinese culture and Chinese spirit, and has achieved a new leap in the Sinicization of Marxism. The party's establishment of the core position of Comrade Xi Jinping's Party Central Committee and the whole party as well as the guiding position of Xi Jinping's Thought on socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era reflects the common aspiration of the whole party, the whole army and the people of all ethnic groups, and is of decisive significance to the development of the party and the country's cause in the new era and the historical process of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.
After the reform and opening up, great achievements have been made in the cause of the party and the state, laying a solid foundation and creating favorable conditions for the development of socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era. At the same time, the party is soberly aware that changes in the external environment have brought many new risks and challenges. Domestic reform, development and stability are facing many deep-seated contradictions and problems that have not been solved for a long time, as well as some new contradictions and problems. For a time, the loose management of the party and governance of the party has led to the spread of negative corruption within the party, serious problems in the political ecology, and damage to the relationship between the party and the masses, cadres and the masses, The party's creativity, cohesion and combat effectiveness have been weakened, and the party's governance is facing a major test.
With Comrade Xi Jinping at its core, the CPC Central Committee, with its great historical initiative, great political courage and strong responsibility, has taken overall consideration of the overall situation at home and abroad, implemented the party's basic theory, basic line and basic strategy, took command of the great struggle, great project, great cause and great dream, adhered to the general keynote of seeking progress in stability, and issued a series of major principles and policies, We launched a series of major measures, promoted a series of major work, overcame a series of major risks and challenges, solved many long-term problems that had not been solved, and accomplished many major events that we wanted to do in the past, and promoted the cause of the party and the state to achieve historic achievements and historical changes.
（1） On adhering to the party's overall leadership
After the reform and opening up, the party has made continuous efforts to strengthen and improve the party's leadership, providing a fundamental political guarantee for the development of the cause of the party and the country. At the same time, there are many problems in the party, such as vague understanding of adhering to the party's leadership, lack of action, weakening, weakening and marginalization in the implementation of the party's leadership. In particular, the implementation of major decisions and arrangements of the Party Central Committee is not effective. Some of them have policies at the top and Countermeasures at the bottom, and even act without authorization. The Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core has clearly put forward that the party's leadership is the fundamental and lifeblood of the party and the country, and the interests and destiny of the people of all ethnic groups in the country. The whole Party must consciously maintain a high degree of consistency with the Party Central Committee in ideology, politics and action, improve the level of scientific, democratic and legal governance, and improve the direction and overall situation The ability to formulate policies and promote reform should be able to give full play to the leading core role of the party in overall planning and coordinating all parties.
The party has clearly put forward that the party's leadership is comprehensive, systematic and integral, and ensuring the unity and unity of the party is the life of the party; The Party Central Committee's centralized and unified leadership is the highest principle of the party's leadership. It is the common political responsibility of the whole party to strengthen and maintain the centralized and unified leadership of the Party Central Committee. To adhere to the party's leadership, we must first take a clear-cut political stand to ensure that the whole party is subordinate to the Central Committee. The Sixth Plenary Session of the 18th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China adopted a number of guidelines on the political life of the party under the new situation. The Central Committee of the Party issued a number of provisions on strengthening and safeguarding the centralized and unified leadership of the Party Central Committee by the Political Bureau of the central Committee of the Communist Party of China. The party's political discipline and rules were strictly defined, and individualism, decentralism, liberalism, departmentalism and good people doctrine were prevented and opposed, We should develop a positive and healthy political culture within the party and promote the creation of a good political ecology with a clean atmosphere. The Party Central Committee requires the leading cadres of the party to improve their political judgment, political understanding and political execution, to be loyal to the party, to obey the party's command and to be responsible for the party. The party will improve the party's leadership system, improve the system of party leaders' Congress, government, CPPCC, supervisory organs, judicial organs, procuratorial organs, armed forces, people's organizations, enterprises and institutions, grass-roots mass autonomous organizations and social organizations, so as to ensure that the party plays a leading role in various organizations. The party adheres to democratic centralism, establishes and improves the party's leadership system for major work, strengthens the function of the Central Committee's decision-making, deliberative and Coordinating Organs, improves the mechanism for promoting the implementation of major decisions of the Party Central Committee, strictly implements the system of asking for instructions and reports to the Party Central Committee, strengthens political supervision, deepens political inspection, investigates and deals with problems that violate the party's line, principles and policies and undermine the party's centralized and unified leadership, We should eliminate "two faced people" and ensure that the whole party maintains a high degree of consistency with the Party Central Committee in political stance, political direction, political principles and political road.
Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the authority and centralized and unified leadership of the Party Central Committee have been effectively guaranteed, the party's leadership system has been constantly improved, the party's leadership style has been more scientific, the whole Party has become more unified in ideology, politics and action, and the party's political leadership, ideological leadership, mass organization and social appeal have been significantly enhanced.
（2） On the overall and strict management of the party
After the reform and opening up, the party insists that the party should manage the party and strictly govern the party, and has achieved remarkable results in promoting party building. At the same time, due to the problems of ineffective management of the party and lax governance of the party, some party members and cadres' political beliefs are in serious crisis, some localities and departments are not in a good mood of selecting and employing personnel, formalism, bureaucracy, hedonism and extravagance are prevalent, and the idea and phenomenon of privilege are more common. In particular, there are those who engage in cronyism and exclusion of dissidents, those who engage in cliques and gangs, those who engage in anonymous false accusations and fabricating rumors, those who engage in buying people's hearts and pulling votes, those who engage in making official vows and celebrating each other, those who engage in self-discipline, those who do not agree with others, those who persist in tailing things out and make false comments on the Central Committee. Political and economic issues are intertwined, The level of corruption is alarming. This "seven haves" problem has seriously affected the party's image and prestige, seriously damaged the relationship between the party and the masses, cadres and the masses, and aroused strong dissatisfaction and indignation among the broad masses of Party members, cadres and the masses. Comrade Xi Jinping stressed that to strike iron must be hard on its own. The key to doing well in China's affairs lies in the party, which must manage the party and strictly govern the party in an all-round way. We must take the strengthening of the party's long-term governing ability, advancement and purity construction as the main line, take the party's political construction as the guidance, firm ideals, beliefs and purposes as the foundation, and mobilize the enthusiasm, initiative and creativity of the whole party as the focus, so as to continuously improve the quality of Party building, and make the party construction always in the forefront of the times, the people's sincere support, the courage to self revolution, and so on The Marxist ruling party, which can stand the test of all kinds of storms and is full of vigor and vitality. The party is always on the road sober and firm, adhere to the strict main tone, focus on grasping the "key minority", implement the main responsibility and supervision responsibility, strengthen the supervision, discipline and accountability, and comprehensively and strictly manage the party throughout all aspects of Party construction. The Central Committee of the Communist Party of China held a meeting on Party building in various fields to make effective arrangements to promote the all-round progress of Party building.
The Party Central Committee emphasizes that our party comes from the people, roots in the people and serves the people. Once separated from the masses, it will lose its vitality. In order to comprehensively and strictly administer the party, we must start with the style of work reflected by the people. The Party Central Committee should solve the problem by formulating and implementing the eight provisions of the Central Committee, persist in starting from the Political Bureau of the Central Committee and starting from the leading cadres, and improve the work style under the above rates. The Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee holds a meeting on democratic life every year, listens to reports on the implementation of the eight provisions, and carries out criticism and self-criticism. The Central Committee of the Communist Party of China has carried forward the spirit of nailing nails, persistently corrected the "four tendencies", opposed the idea of privilege and the phenomenon of privilege, severely curbed unhealthy tendencies such as giving gifts with public funds, eating and drinking with public funds, tourism with public funds, extravagance and waste, solved prominent problems that strongly reflected by the masses and harmed the interests of the masses, promoted burden reduction at the grassroots level, advocated diligence and thrift, and opposed extravagance and waste, It has put an end to some unhealthy tendencies which were considered impossible to stop in the past, and corrected some chronic maladies that have not been eliminated for many years. The party's and government's and social conduct have been renewed.
The party has always stressed that the whole Party must have firm ideals and convictions, a strict organizational system, and strict discipline and rules. The belief in Marxism, the lofty ideal of communism and the common ideal of socialism with Chinese characteristics are the spiritual pillar and political soul of the Chinese Communists and the ideological basis for maintaining the unity and unity of the party. The Party Central Committee emphasizes that ideals and beliefs are the spiritual "calcium" of Communists. If Communists do not have ideals and beliefs, they will be "calcium deficient" in spirit, and will suffer from "rickets", which will inevitably lead to political deterioration, economic greed, moral degradation and life corruption. Adhering to the principle of building the Party Ideologically and managing the party by system, the party has successively carried out the party's mass line education and practice activities, the thematic education of "strict self-cultivation, strict use of power, strict self-discipline, practical planning, practical entrepreneurship, and real life", learning the party constitution and party rules, learning a series of speeches, being a qualified party member, "never forget the original intention, keep in mind the mission" theme education We should arm the whole party with the party's innovative theory, promote the construction of learning party, educate and guide the broad masses of Party members and cadres, especially the leading cadres, to correct the source and strengthen the foundation of the party's belief, supplement the spiritual calcium, stabilize the ideological rudder, maintain the political nature of the Communists, and erect the spiritual backbone of the Communists. The party puts forward and implements the party's organizational line in the new era, clarifies the standards for good cadres in the new era with firm belief, serving the people, being diligent and pragmatic, daring to take responsibility, and being honest and clean. It highlights the requirements of political quality, sets up the correct guidance for the employment of personnel, adheres to the principle of having both political integrity and ability, taking morality as the first, appointing people on the basis of merit in five lakes and four seas, adhering to the principle of putting career first, being fair and upright, and adhering to the principle of not only voting, but also division It is not only about GDP and age, but also about "overseas promotion" and "sea election". We should strengthen the leadership and check-in role of the party organizations and correct the unhealthy tendencies in the selection and appointment of personnel. The party requires leading cadres at all levels to solve the "general switch" problem of world outlook, outlook on life and values, cherish, manage and carefully use power, consciously accept the supervision of all aspects, and always think about sharing worries for the party, contributing to the country and benefiting the people. The party adheres to the principle that the party administers talents, implements a more active, more open and more effective talent policy, deeply implements the strategy of reinvigorating the country with talents in the new era, and speeds up the construction of an important talent center and innovation highland in the world, so as to gather talents from all over the world. The party will continue to improve its organizational system, strengthen its political and organizational functions with the focus on improving its organizational strength, establish a clear guidance of grasping the grassroots level, and promote the full coverage of Party organizations and party work. The party adheres to the principle that discipline is more strict than law, and that discipline and law enforcement are integrated. It makes good use of the "four forms" of supervision and discipline enforcement, strengthens political discipline and organizational discipline, and promotes all disciplines to be strictly enforced in an all-round way. The party adheres to the rule of law, strictly abides by the party constitution, forms a relatively perfect inner-party legal system, strictly implements the system, and significantly improves the scientific, institutionalized and standardized level of Party building.
The Party Central Committee stressed that corruption is the biggest threat to the party's long-term governance, and anti-corruption is a major political struggle that can not afford to lose, nor can it be defeated. If we do not offend hundreds of corrupt elements, we will offend 1.4 billion people. We must put power in the cage of the system, and set, regulate, restrict and supervise power according to law and discipline. The party adheres to the principle of "not daring corruption, not corrupting corruption, and not wanting to corrupt". It is necessary for the party and the people to ensure that the power entrusted by the party and the people is always used for the happiness of the people. Adhere to no forbidden zone, full coverage, zero tolerance, adhere to heavy containment, strong high pressure, long-term deterrence, adhere to the joint investigation of bribery and bribery, adhere to the determination to investigate and punish corruption when there are cases, to use strong drugs to cure crimes, and to have the courage of scraping bones to cure poisons and breaking the wrist of a strong man, and unswervingly "beat tigers", "beat flies" and "hunt foxes". We will resolutely tackle the problem of corruption around the masses, carry out in-depth international pursuit of fugitives and stolen goods, and eliminate all corrupt elements. The party has focused on corruption cases involving political and economic problems, prevented the formation of interest groups within the party, and investigated and dealt with serious violations of discipline and law such as Zhou Yongkang, Bo Xilai, Sun Zhengcai and lingjihua. The party's leadership improves the supervision system of the party and the state, promotes the establishment of the national supervision committee and the local supervisory committees at all levels, constructs a linkage pattern of inspection and inspection, builds a mechanism with inner-party supervision as the leading role and various kinds of supervision through coordination, and strengthens the restriction and supervision of power operation.
Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, through resolute struggle, the role of political guidance and political guarantee of comprehensive and strict governance of the party has been brought into full play. The party's ability of self purification, self-improvement, self innovation and self-improvement has been significantly enhanced. The situation of leniency in managing the party and governing the party has been fundamentally reversed. The anti-corruption struggle has won an overwhelming victory and consolidated in an all-round way There are serious hidden dangers in the army, and the party is stronger in the revolutionary forging.
（3） On economic construction
After the reform and opening up, the party seized the center of economic construction, led the people to work hard, created a miracle of rapid economic development, and greatly increased the national economic strength. At the same time, some localities and departments have some problems such as one-sided pursuit of speed and scale, extensive development mode, and the impact of the continuous downturn of the world economy after the international financial crisis, and the continuous accumulation of economic structural institutional contradictions, the imbalance, uncoordinated and unsustainable development have become prominent. The CPC Central Committee proposed that China's economic development has entered a new normal, which has shifted from the stage of high-speed growth to the stage of high-quality development. Faced with the complex situation of "three phases superposition" of growth rate shifting period, structural adjustment pain period, and early-stage stimulus policy digestion period, it is difficult for the traditional development mode to continue. The CPC Central Committee stressed that the implementation of the new development concept is a profound change related to China's overall development. We should not simply regard the growth rate of GDP as a hero. We must achieve high-quality development in which innovation becomes the first driving force, coordination becomes an endogenous feature, green becomes a universal form, opening-up becomes the only way, and sharing becomes the fundamental goal of high-quality development Driving change.
The party should strengthen the strategic planning and unified leadership of economic work, and improve the system and mechanism of the party's leading economic work. The Fifth Plenary Session of the 18th CPC Central Committee, the 19th National Congress of the CPC, the 5th Plenary Session of the 19th CPC Central Committee and the previous central economic work conferences focused on making plans for China's development, making the theme of high-quality development as the theme, taking the supply side structural reform as the main line, building a modern economic system, grasping the strategic basis of expanding domestic demand, preventing and resolving major risks, accurately getting rid of poverty Three major battles in pollution control and other major decisions. The party will unswervingly consolidate and develop the public sector of the economy, encourage, support and guide the development of the non-public sector of the economy, support the state-owned capital and state-owned enterprises to become stronger, better and bigger, establish a modern enterprise system with Chinese characteristics, and enhance the competitiveness, innovation, control, influence and risk resistance of the state-owned economy; We should build a pro Qing government business relationship to promote the healthy development of the non-public economy and the healthy growth of the non-public economy. The party adheres to the implementation of the innovation driven development strategy, takes science and technology self-reliance as the strategic support for national development, improves the new national system, strengthens the national strategic science and technology strength, strengthens basic research, promotes the key core technology research and independent innovation, strengthens the creation, protection and application of intellectual property rights, and speeds up the construction of an innovative country and a world science and technology power. We will implement supply side structural reform in an all-round way, promote de capacity, de inventory, deleveraging, cost reduction, and make up for weaknesses. We will implement the requirements of consolidation, enhancement, promotion and smooth flow, promote the construction of a manufacturing power, accelerate the development of modern industrial system, strengthen the real economy, and develop the digital economy. We should improve macroeconomic governance, innovate ideas and methods of macro-control, enhance the autonomy of macroeconomic policies, implement positive fiscal policies and prudent monetary policies, adhere to the principle of streamlining administration and delegating powers, combining decentralization with deregulation, and optimizing services, so as to ensure food security, energy and resources security, and the security of the industrial chain supply chain, adhere to the principle that finance serves the real economy, and comprehensively strengthen financial supervision, We should guard against and defuse risks in the economic and financial fields, strengthen market supervision and anti-monopoly regulations, prevent disorderly expansion of capital, maintain market order, stimulate the vitality of various market entities, especially small and medium-sized enterprises, and protect the rights and interests of workers and consumers. The party implements the strategy of regional coordinated development, promotes the coordinated development of Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei, the development of the Yangtze River economic belt, the construction of Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao Bay area, the integrated development of the Yangtze River Delta, the ecological protection and high-quality development of the Yellow River Basin, the construction of xiong'an new area with high standards and high quality, promotes the formation of a new pattern in the western development, makes new breakthroughs in the revitalization of the northeast, and promotes the high-quality development of the central region, We should encourage the eastern region to accelerate modernization and support the improvement of production and living conditions in old revolutionary base areas, ethnic minority areas, border areas and poverty-stricken areas. We will promote new urbanization with people as the core, and strengthen urban planning, construction and management. The party has always regarded solving the "three rural" issues as the top priority of the whole Party's work. We should implement the strategy of rural revitalization, accelerate the modernization of agriculture and rural areas, adhere to the principle of storing grain in the land and technology, implement the strictest cultivated land protection system, promote the self-reliance and self-improvement of seed industry science and technology, and make sure that the Chinese people's rice bowl is firmly in their hands.
Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the balance, coordination and sustainability of China's economic development have been significantly enhanced. China's GDP has exceeded one billion yuan, and the per capita GDP has exceeded 10000 US dollars. China's economic strength, scientific and technological strength and comprehensive national strength have risen to a new level, and China's economy has reached a higher quality, more efficient, fairer and more sustainable economy A safer development path.
（4） On comprehensively deepening reform and opening up
After the Third Plenary Session of the Eleventh Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, China's reform and opening up has gone through a magnificent process and made remarkable achievements. With the development of practice, some deep-seated system and mechanism problems and the barriers of interest solidification have become increasingly apparent, and the reform has entered the critical period and deep-water area. The CPC Central Committee has deeply realized that there is no end to practice and development, no end to emancipation of the mind, and no end to reform and opening up. Only when reform is in progress or not completed, there is no way out for stagnation and retrogression. We must promote comprehensive deepening reform with greater political courage and wisdom, dare to gnaw hard bones, dare to wade into dangerous beaches, highlight system construction, and pay attention to the relevance and coupling of reform, We should promote reform with real guns and swords, and effectively eliminate the drawbacks of various systems and mechanisms.
The Third Plenary Session of the 18th CPC Central Committee made arrangements for the reform of the economic system, political system, cultural system, social system, ecological civilization system, national defense and army reform, and Party building system reform, and determined the overall objectives, strategic priorities, priorities, main attack direction, working mechanism, promotion mode, timetable and road map of comprehensively deepening the reform. The Third Plenary Session of the Eleventh Central Committee of the Communist Party of China is epoch-making and has opened a new period of reform and opening up and socialist modernization. The Third Plenary Session of the 18th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China is also epoch-making, realizing the transformation of reform from partial exploration and breaking through ice to system integration and comprehensive deepening, creating a new situation of China's reform and opening up.
The party adheres to the correct direction of reform, takes promoting social equity and justice and improving people's well-being as the starting point and goal, highlights problem orientation, focuses on further emancipating the mind, emancipating and developing social productivity, liberating and enhancing social vitality, strengthens top-level design and overall planning, enhances the systematicness, integrity and synergy of reform, and stimulates the people's initiative, We will promote the reform of important areas and key links in a solid and deep way. The party has promoted the reform in an all-round way, with multiple breakthroughs, rapid and steady progress, and in-depth promotion. From ramming the foundation and building platform and erecting beams on columns to comprehensive promotion and accumulation of strength, and then to system integration and collaborative efficiency, the basic institutional framework in various fields has been basically established, and historic changes, systematic remodeling and overall reconstruction have been achieved in many fields.
The Central Committee of the Communist Party of China has deeply realized that opening up brings progress, and closure inevitably leads to backwardness; In order to win the advantages, the initiative and the future of China's development, we must comply with the economic globalization, rely on the advantages of China's super large-scale market and implement a more active open strategy. China adheres to the principle of joint consultation, co construction and sharing, promotes the high-quality development of the belt and road initiative, promotes a large number of cooperation projects related to the economic development and livelihood improvement of the countries along the belt and road, and builds the road of peace, prosperity, openness, green, innovation and civilization, The belt and road initiative will become a popular international public product and international cooperation platform in today's world. China adheres to the principle of opening to the outside world, promoting mutual promotion, better integration of "bringing in" and "going out", promoting trade and investment liberalization and facilitation, building a global high standard free trade area network, building a free trade pilot zone and Hainan free trade port, and promoting institutional opening of rules, regulations, management and standards, so as to form a wider range and wider field We will deepen the pattern of opening up to the outside world, build an open economic system that is mutually beneficial, win-win, diversified, balanced, safe and efficient, and constantly enhance China's new advantages in international economic cooperation and competition.
Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China (CPC), the party has continuously promoted the comprehensive deepening of reform to march in breadth and depth, the socialist system with Chinese characteristics has become more mature and stereotyped, the modernization level of the national governance system and governance capacity has been continuously improved, and the party and the national cause have radiated new vitality.
（5） On political construction
After the reform and opening up, the party has led the people to adhere to the road of political development of socialism with Chinese characteristics and develop socialist democracy, making significant progress. From the success and failure of political development at home and abroad, the party deeply realizes that to strengthen self-confidence in the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, we must first strengthen our confidence in the political system of socialism with Chinese characteristics. To build socialist democratic politics and develop socialist political civilization, we must make the political system of socialism with Chinese characteristics deeply rooted in the soil of Chinese society, Copying the political system of other countries is not feasible, and it will even ruin the future and destiny of the country. We must adhere to the organic unity of the party's leadership, the people's ownership of the country and the rule of law, actively develop people's democracy in the whole process, improve a comprehensive, extensive and organically linked system of people's masters of the country, build diverse, smooth and orderly democratic channels, enrich democratic forms, and expand people's orderly political participation from all levels and fields, Make all aspects of the system and national governance better reflect the people's will, protect the people's rights and interests, and stimulate people's creativity. We must guard against and guard against the erosive influence of the so-called "constitutionalism" in the west, multi-party rotation in power, and "tripartite confrontation of three powers".
The Fourth Plenary Session of the 19th CPC Central Committee focused on the long-term governance of the party and the long-term stability of the country. It made an overall plan for upholding and improving the socialist system with Chinese characteristics and promoting the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity. It focused on adhering to and improving the fundamental, basic and important systems that support the socialist system with Chinese characteristics. The Party Central Committee stressed that we must adhere to the people's dominant position and ensure that the people carry out democratic election, democratic consultation, democratic decision-making, democratic management and democratic supervision in accordance with the law. The party adheres to and improves the people's Congress system, supports and guarantees the people's exercise of state power through the people's Congress, supports and guarantees the people's Congress to exercise its legislative, supervisory, decision-making and appointment and removal powers in accordance with the law, resolutely investigates and deals with canvassing and bribery election cases, maintains the authority and dignity of the people's Congress system, and gives full play to the fundamental political system role of the people's Congress system. The party adheres to and improves the system of multi-party cooperation and political consultation under the leadership of the Communist Party of China, improves the system of special supervision by the Central Committee of democratic parties on the implementation of major decisions and arrangements, and directly puts forward suggestions to the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China. It also strengthens the system construction of special consultative bodies of the CPPCC, and promotes the extensive and multi-level institutionalization of socialist consultative democracy, Form a consultative democracy system with Chinese characteristics. The party adheres to consolidating the grass-roots political power, improving the grass-roots democratic system, improving the open system of handling affairs, and protecting the people's rights to know, participate, express and supervise. In accordance with the principles of adhering to the party's overall leadership, taking the people as the center, adhering to the principle of optimization, coordination and efficiency, and adhering to the rule of law in an all-round way, we should comprehensively deepen the reform of Party and state institutions, and realize the systematic and integral reconstruction of the functions of the party and state organs. The party adheres to and improves the system of regional ethnic autonomy, unswervingly follows the correct path of solving ethnic problems with Chinese characteristics, adheres to the main line of the party's national work, establishes the party's general plan for the governance of Tibet and Xinjiang in the new era, consolidates and develops the socialist ethnic relations of equality, unity, mutual assistance and harmony, and promotes the common struggle of all ethnic groups Common prosperity and development. The party adheres to the party's basic policy of religious work, adheres to the Chinese orientation of Chinese religion, and actively guides religion to adapt to socialist society. The party has improved the working pattern of the great united front, striving to seek the largest common divisor and draw the largest concentric circle, so as to gather the majestic power to realize the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. Focusing on enhancing the political, advanced and mass character of the party, the party promotes the reform and innovation of the mass League work, and gives better play to the role of trade unions, the Communist Youth League, women's Federation and other mass organizations. We take the protection of people's right to subsistence and development as the first priority, and promote the all-round development of human rights.
Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, China's socialist democratic politics has been institutionalized, standardized and programmed in an all-round way, the superiority of the socialist political system with Chinese characteristics has been better developed, and the political situation of liveliness, stability and unity has been consolidated and developed.
（6） On the overall rule of law
After the reform and opening up, the party adheres to the rule of law and constantly promotes the construction of socialist rule of law. At the same time, there are serious problems such as non-compliance with the law, lax law enforcement, unfair administration of justice, and failure to investigate violations of the law. Judicial corruption occurs from time to time. Some law enforcement judicial personnel bend the law for selfish ends and even act as the umbrella for criminals, which seriously damages the authority of the rule of law and seriously affects social fairness and justice. The party is deeply aware that power is a "double-edged sword". Exercising power according to law and regulations can benefit the people, and illegal exercise will inevitably harm the country and the people. The Party Central Committee emphasizes that the prosperity of the rule of law leads to the prosperity of the country, and the decline of the rule of law leads to the disorder of the country; The rule of law in an all-round way is the essential requirement and important guarantee of socialism with Chinese characteristics and a profound revolution in national governance; To adhere to the rule of law, we must first adhere to the rule of law, and first of all, we must adhere to the rule of law. We must adhere to the socialist road of rule of law with Chinese characteristics, implement the theory of socialist rule of law with Chinese characteristics, jointly promote the rule of law, rule of law and administration according to law, adhere to the construction of a country ruled by law, a government under the rule of law and a society ruled by law, and comprehensively enhance the awareness and ability of the whole society to respect the law and abide by the law.
The Fourth Plenary Session of the 18th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the Central Committee's working conference on comprehensively ruling the country according to law have made a top-level design and major deployment on scientific legislation, strict law enforcement, fair justice, and law-abiding by the whole people, and comprehensively promote the construction of the legal standard system, the rule of law implementation system, the rule of law supervision system, the rule of law guarantee system and the inner-party laws and regulations system.
The party stressed that the broadest and deepest foundation of the rule of law in an all-round way is the people. It is necessary to embody the interests of the people, reflect the wishes of the people, safeguard the rights and interests of the people, and enhance the well-being of the people into the whole process of comprehensively ruling the country in accordance with the law, ensuring and promoting social equity and justice, and striving to make the people in every legal system, every law enforcement decision, and every law enforcement decision Fairness and justice are felt in every judicial case. The Party leadership should improve the system and mechanism to ensure the full implementation of the constitution, establish the constitutional oath system, carry forward the socialist spirit of the rule of law, improve the ability of state organs to perform their duties according to law, improve the ability of leading cadres at all levels to solve problems and promote development by using legal thinking and methods, and enhance the awareness of the rule of law in the whole society. Through the amendment to the constitution, we will formulate laws such as the civil code, the foreign investment law, the national security law and the supervision law, amend the legislation law, the national defense law, and the environmental protection law, strengthen the legislation in key areas, emerging areas and foreign-related fields, and accelerate the improvement of the socialist legal system with Chinese characteristics centered on the constitution. The party's leadership has deepened the reform of the judicial system focusing on the judicial responsibility system, promoted the comprehensive deepening reform in the field of politics and law, strengthened the supervision and restriction on the judicial activities of law enforcement, carried out education and rectification of political and legal personnel, corrected unjust and wrong cases according to law, severely punished judicial corruption in law enforcement, and ensured the integrity, efficiency and authority of law enforcement and justice.
Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the socialist legal system with Chinese characteristics has been continuously improved. Solid steps have been taken in the construction of the rule of law in China. The role of the rule of law in consolidating the foundation, stabilizing expectations, and promoting the long-term interests has been further played. The party's ability to lead and govern the country through the rule of law has been significantly enhanced.
（7） On Cultural Construction
After the reform and opening up, the party has adhered to both material and spiritual civilization, promoted the prosperity and development of socialist culture, inspired the national spirit and condensed the national strength. At the same time, wrong thoughts such as money worship, hedonism, extreme individualism and historical nihilism appear from time to time. Internet public opinion is in chaos. Some leading cadres' political positions are vague and lack of fighting spirit, which seriously affects people's ideological and social public opinion environment. The party accurately grasps the trend of Ideological and cultural agitation in the world and profound changes in China's social ideology. It emphasizes that ideological work is the work of building the heart and soul for the nation. Cultural self-confidence is a more basic, extensive and profound self-confidence. It is the most basic, deepest and lasting force in the development of a country and a nation Without cultural prosperity, there will be no great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. We must adhere to the people-centered work orientation, hold the banner, gather the hearts of the people, cultivate new people, revitalize culture and display image, firmly grasp the leadership of ideological work, build a socialist ideology with strong cohesive force and leading force, build a socialist cultural power, stimulate the creativity and creativity of the whole nation's culture, and better build the Chinese spirit, Chinese value and Chinese strength, We should consolidate the common ideological basis of the unity and struggle of the whole Party and the people of all ethnic groups.
The party has made great efforts to solve the problem of weakening the party's leadership in the ideological field. It has made plans for many directional and strategic issues in the ideological field, established and adhered to the fundamental system of Marxism's guiding position in the ideological field, improved the responsibility system for ideological work, and promoted the whole party to focus on propaganda and ideological work We should be conscientious in guarding the land, dare to grasp, manage and struggle, and take a clear-cut stand against and resist all kinds of erroneous views. The party has strengthened its propaganda and ideological work by rectifying the source, holding a national conference on propaganda and ideological work, holding a forum on literary and art work, the party's news and public opinion work, network security and information work, philosophy and Social Sciences work, and the national ideological and political work conference of Colleges and universities. It has clarified the principles and positions on a series of fundamental issues, clarified the theoretical right and wrong, and corrected the work orientation, The ideological and cultural field has been developing steadily. We should promote the use of the party's innovative theory to arm the whole party, educate the people and guide practice, deepen the research and construction of Marxist theory, and promote the construction of the disciplinary system, academic system and discourse system of philosophy and social sciences with Chinese characteristics. We should attach great importance to the construction and innovation of communication means, promote the integrated development of media, and improve the communication, guidance, influence and credibility of news and public opinion. The Central Committee of the Communist Party of China has made it clear that if you can't pass the Internet, you can't pass the long-term ruling. The Party attaches great importance to the Internet, which is the main front, the main battlefield and the forefront of ideological struggle, improves the Internet leadership and management system, adheres to the rule of network network according to law, and creates a clean and clean network space.
The party adheres to the guidance of socialist core values in cultural construction, pays attention to the cultivation of advanced socialist culture, revolutionary culture and excellent traditional Chinese culture, extensively carries out publicity and education on socialism with Chinese characteristics and the Chinese dream, promotes the normalization and institutionalization of education on ideals and beliefs, improves the system of ideological and political work, and establishes and improves the system of honoring party and state meritorious deeds, We should set up memorial day for martyrs, deepen the construction of mass spiritual civilization, build a civilization practice center in the new era, and promote the construction of a learning country. The party promoted the study of the history of the party, the history of new China, the history of reform and opening up, and the history of socialist development, built a history exhibition hall of the Communist Party of China, and carried out activities to celebrate the 100th anniversary of the founding of the Communist Party of China, the 70th anniversary of the founding of the people's Republic of China, and the 90th anniversary of the founding of the PLA Activities such as the 40th anniversary of the reform and opening up, the 70th anniversary of the victory of the Chinese people's war of resistance against Japan and the world anti fascist war, and the 70th anniversary of the Chinese people's Volunteer Army's war of resistance against U.S. aggression and aid Korea's war abroad, etc., have forcefully demonstrated the party's heart and the people's will, and the national prestige and military prestige, which have sung the main melody and carried forward the positive energy in the whole. The party adheres to putting social benefits first, unifying social and economic benefits, promoting the all-round development of cultural undertakings and cultural industries, prospering literary and artistic creation, improving the public cultural service system, and providing more and better spiritual food for the people.
The CPC Central Committee stressed that the excellent traditional Chinese culture is the outstanding advantage of the Chinese nation and the foundation for us to stand firm in the agitation of world culture. It must be inherited and carried forward in combination with the new era conditions. We carry out the project of inheriting and developing the excellent traditional Chinese culture, promote the creative transformation and innovative development of Chinese excellent traditional culture, enhance the awareness of cultural relics protection of the whole society, and strengthen the protection of cultural heritage. Speed up the construction of international communication capacity, tell the world the stories of China and the Communist Party of China, spread the voice of China, promote the exchange and mutual learning of human civilization, and significantly enhance the soft power of national culture and the influence of Chinese culture.
Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, China's ideological situation has undergone a comprehensive and fundamental change. The cultural confidence of the whole Party and the people of all ethnic groups in the country has been significantly enhanced, and the cohesion and centripetal force of the whole society have been greatly enhanced, providing a strong ideological guarantee and a strong spiritual force for creating a new situation in the cause of the party and the state in the new era.
（8） On social construction
After the reform and opening up, China's people's livelihood has improved significantly, and social governance has improved significantly. At the same time, with the development of the times and social progress, the people's yearning for a better life is stronger, and the requirements for democracy, rule of law, fairness, justice, security, environment and other aspects are growing day by day. The Party Central Committee stressed that the people's yearning for a better life is our goal, and improving people's livelihood and well-being is our essential requirement for upholding party building for the public and assuming power for the people. It is the starting point and foothold of all our work to let the people live a good life. It is an urgent task for social construction to make up for the shortcomings of people's livelihood security and solve the problems of people's difficulties and expectations. We must focus on ensuring and improving people's livelihood, strengthen social construction, do what we can, do what we can, do one thing after another, and do it year after year. We must continue to work hard to provide children with education, learning and teaching, income from work, medical care for the sick, security for the elderly, housing and support for the weak, so as to strengthen and innovate social governance, so as to make the people have a sense of gain, happiness and happiness The sense of security is more substantial, more secure and more sustainable.
The party has deeply realized that if the well-off society is not well-off, the key is to look at the villagers; Poverty alleviation is the bottom line task of building a well-off society in an all-round way. Only by winning the battle can we ensure the building of a well-off society in an all-round way and realize the first centenary goal; We must take extraordinary measures with greater determination, more accurate thinking and more effective measures to implement the poverty alleviation project. The party adheres to targeted poverty alleviation, establishes the goal of ensuring the safety of compulsory education, basic medical care and housing safety, implements the "military order" responsibility system, mobilizes the whole Party and the whole society to work together to overcome the key problems and solve the difficulties, and organizes the largest and strongest anti-poverty campaign in human history, Form a great spirit of poverty alleviation. Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, 832 poverty-stricken counties and 128000 poverty-stricken villages have been listed. Nearly 100 million rural poor people have been lifted out of poverty. The poverty reduction goal of the United Nations sustainable development agenda of 2030 has been achieved 10 years ahead of schedule. The absolute poverty problem has been solved historically and created a miracle in the history of human poverty reduction.
In 2020, in the face of the sudden outbreak of new pneumonia, the CPC Central Committee made decisive decisions and calmly responded to it, insisted on the supremacy of the people and life, put forward the general requirements of firm confidence, helping each other in the same boat, scientific prevention and control, and precise implementation of policies. It carried out the people's war, the overall war and the resistance war against the epidemic situation, and carefully deployed the defense war in Wuhan and Hubei, We have taken the country's efforts to carry out the unprecedented large-scale life rescue. We have been cautious and always focused on "external prevention and control and internal anti rebound". We have adhered to the overall planning of epidemic prevention and control and economic and social development, and have protected people's life safety and health to the maximum extent. We have taken the lead in controlling the epidemic situation, taking the lead in resuming work and production, and taking the lead in restoring economic and social development, The great anti epidemic spirit has been built.
In order to protect and improve people's livelihood, the party has launched a series of major measures in income distribution, employment, education, social security, medical and health care, housing security and other aspects in accordance with the idea of adhering to the bottom line, highlighting the key points, improving the system and guiding the expectation, and focusing on strengthening the construction of people's livelihood with universal, basic and comprehensive characteristics, and promoting the equalization of basic public services. We strive to build an income distribution system that reflects efficiency and promotes fairness, regulates excessive income, outlaws illegal income, increases the income of low-income groups, steadily expands the middle-income group, and promotes the formation of an olive shaped distribution pattern. The income growth of residents is basically in line with economic growth, and the income growth of rural residents is faster than that of urban residents. We will implement the policy of giving priority to employment and promote the realization of fuller and higher quality employment. We should fully implement the party's educational policy, give priority to the development of education, and make it clear that the fundamental task of education is to cultivate people with moral integrity, cultivate socialist builders and successors with all-round development of morality, intelligence, physique, beauty and labor, deepen the reform and innovation of education and teaching, promote fairness and improve quality, promote the balanced development of compulsory education and the integration of urban and rural areas, and comprehensively implement the education and teaching of national common language, We should standardize the off campus training institutions, actively develop vocational education, promote the connotative development of higher education, promote the construction of a powerful education country, and run a satisfactory education for the people. China has built the largest social security system in the world. One billion and twenty million people have basic endowment insurance and 1.36 billion people have basic medical insurance. We should promote the construction of healthy China in an all-round way, adhere to the principle of putting prevention first, deepen the reform of medical and health system, guide the downward shift of medical and health work focus and resources, timely promote the improvement of major epidemic prevention and control system and mechanism, improve the national public health emergency management system, promote the inheritance and innovation of Chinese medicine, and improve the public health service system throughout urban and rural areas. We should speed up the construction of a sports power, extensively carry out national fitness activities, and vigorously carry forward the Chinese sports spirit. We should strengthen the research on population development strategy, actively respond to the aging population, speed up the construction of pension service system, adjust and optimize the fertility policy, and promote the long-term balanced development of the population. We should pay attention to the construction of family education and family style, and protect the rights and interests of women and children. We will accelerate the development of undertakings for the disabled. We should adhere to the position that houses are for living, not for speculation, speed up the establishment of a housing system with multi-body supply, multi-channel security and simultaneous rent and purchase, increase investment in the construction of affordable housing, and significantly improve the housing conditions of urban and rural residents.
The party focuses on the long-term stability of the country and the people's living and working in peace and contentment, building a higher level of safe China, improving the social governance system, improving the urban and rural grass-roots governance system with the combination of autonomy, rule of law and rule of Virtue under the leadership of the party organization, promoting the social governance focus to move down to the grass-roots level, building a social governance system of joint construction and shared governance, and building a social governance system in which everyone is responsible and everyone is responsible A community of social governance for all. We will strengthen the work of disaster prevention, reduction, relief and production safety, and strengthen the national emergency management system and capacity-building. We should adhere to and develop the "Fengqiao Experience" in the new era, adhere to systematic governance, legal governance, comprehensive governance, and source governance, improve the petition system, improve the comprehensive mechanism for multiple prevention, mediation and resolution of social conflicts and disputes, strengthen the comprehensive management of social security, carry out special campaigns to combat underworld and evil, and resolutely punish party members and cadres who indulge, cover up and even act as protective umbrellas, We should prevent and crack down on violent terrorism, new network crimes and transnational crimes.
Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, China's social construction has been strengthened in an all-round way, people's lives have been improved in an all-round way, social governance has been socialized, ruled by law, intellectualized and professionalized. It has developed a good situation in which the people live and work in peace and contentment, and social stability and order have continued to write a miracle of long-term social stability.
（9） On the construction of ecological civilization
After the reform and opening up, the party has paid more and more attention to the protection of ecological environment. At the same time, the construction of ecological civilization is still an obvious short board, and the problems such as the tightening of resource and environment constraints and the degradation of ecological system are becoming more and more prominent. In particular, various kinds of environmental pollution and ecological damage are showing a high incidence, which has become the injury of land and the pain of people's livelihood. If we do not pay close attention to reverse the deterioration of the ecological environment, we will pay a very heavy price. The Party Central Committee stressed that the construction of ecological civilization is the fundamental plan for the sustainable development of the Chinese nation. Protecting the ecological environment is protecting the productive forces, and improving the ecological environment is developing the productive forces. We should never sacrifice the environment for temporary economic growth. We must adhere to the concept that green waters and green mountains are golden mountains and silver mountains, adhere to the integrated protection and systematic management of mountains, rivers, forests, lakes, grass and sand, protect the ecological environment as much as protecting the eyes, treat the ecological environment as life, and promote green development, circular development and low-carbon development more consciously, and adhere to the civilized development path of production development, rich life and good ecology.
The party has made all-round efforts in ideology, law, system, organization and style of work, strengthened ecological and environmental protection in an all-round, regional and whole process way, promoted the demarcation of ecological protection red line, the bottom line of environmental quality and the online use of resources, and carried out a series of fundamental, pioneering and long-term work. The party organization implements the strategy of main functional areas, establishes and improves the property rights system of natural resources assets, the system of land and space development and protection, the evaluation and assessment system of ecological civilization construction objectives and the accountability system, the ecological compensation system, the system of "the party and the government share the same responsibility" and "one post and two responsibilities" in environmental protection, and formulate and revise relevant laws and regulations. We should optimize the pattern of land and space development and protection, establish a natural reserve system with national parks as the main body, continue to carry out large-scale land greening activities, strengthen ecological protection and systematic management of major rivers, lakes, wetlands and coastal zones, increase the capacity of ecosystem protection and restoration, strengthen the protection of biodiversity, and promote the formation of a spatial pattern of resource conservation and environmental protection Industrial structure, mode of production and lifestyle. The party leaders strive to win the battle of pollution prevention and control, deeply implement the three action plans for the prevention and control of air, water and soil pollution, fight the battle of blue sky, clear water and pure land, carry out the renovation of rural living environment, and completely ban the import of "foreign garbage". We will carry out the central supervision of ecological and environmental protection, resolutely investigate and deal with a number of major typical cases that damage the ecological environment, and solve a number of outstanding environmental problems strongly reflected by the people. China has actively participated in global environmental and Climate Governance and made a solemn commitment to achieve carbon peak by 2030 and carbon neutrality by 2006, which reflects the responsibility of a responsible power.
Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the CPC Central Committee has made unprecedented efforts to promote the construction of ecological civilization. The consciousness and initiative of the whole Party and the whole country to promote green development have been significantly enhanced. Great strides have been made in the construction of beautiful China. China's ecological environment protection has undergone historic, turning and overall changes.
（10） On national defense and army building
After the reform and opening up, the people's army has been revolutionized, modernized and regularized, and its national defense strength has been strengthened day by day, which has provided a reliable security guarantee for the country's reform, development and stability. The Party Central Committee stressed that to make a country strong, we must strengthen the army and the army in order to ensure national security. We must build a strong national defense and strong people's army that is commensurate with China's international status and compatible with national security and development interests.
The party puts forward the goal of building a strong military in the new era, establishes the military strategic policy for the new era, and formulates a new "three-step" strategy for modernization of national defense and the army, which aims to achieve the goal of 100 years of building the army by 2027, basically realize the modernization of national defense and the army by 2035, and build a world-class army in an all-round way by the middle of this century We should speed up the modernization of military theory, military organizational form, military personnel and weaponry, accelerate the integrated development of mechanization, informatization and intelligence, comprehensively strengthen military training and preparation, and adhere to the road of building a strong army with Chinese characteristics.
To build a strong people's army, the most important thing is to unswervingly adhere to the fundamental principle and system of the party's absolute leadership over the people's army, that the supreme leadership and command of the people's army belong to the Party Central Committee and the Central Military Commission, and comprehensively and thoroughly implement the CMC chairman responsibility system. For a time, the weakening of the party's leadership in the people's army has become a serious problem. If it is not solved thoroughly, it will not only affect the combat effectiveness, but also affect the major political principle of the party's command of guns. The Central Committee of the party and the Central Military Commission of the Communist Party of China (CPC) and the Central Military Commission (CMC) have paid close attention to comprehensively and strictly administering the army, resolutely made decisions to rectify the political discipline of the people's army, held a political work conference of the whole army in Gutian, made arrangements for the political construction of the army in the new era, restored and carried forward the glorious tradition and fine style of work of the Party of our party and our army, promoted political consolidation and training in the spirit of rectification, and comprehensively strengthened the Party leadership and Party building in the army, We will further promote the building of a clean and honest government and the fight against corruption in the armed forces, resolutely investigate and deal with serious violations of discipline and law, such as Guo Boxiong, Xu Caihou, Fang Fenghui, and Zhang Yang, and thoroughly eliminate their pernicious influence, so as to fundamentally improve the political ecology of the people's army.
The party has put forward the strategy of reforming and strengthening the armed forces, led the most extensive and profound national defense and military reform since the founding of new China, restructured the leadership and command system of the people's army, the modern military force system and the military policy system, and reduced the number of active service posts by 300000, forming a new pattern in which the CMC is in charge of general affairs, the theater is in charge of combat, and the service is in charge of construction. In the face of the new military revolution in the world, we have implemented the strategy of strengthening the army through science and technology, built an innovative people's army, built a powerful modern logistics, and made significant progress in the construction of national defense science and technology and weapons and equipment. We should implement the strategy of strengthening the army with talents, establish the military education policy for the new era, clarify the standards for good military cadres, promote the construction of a trinity new military personnel training system, train revolutionary soldiers with soul, ability, blood and moral character in the new era, and forge excellent troops with iron general belief, iron general belief, iron general discipline and iron general responsibility. We should implement the strategy of running the army according to law, build a military legal system with Chinese characteristics, and accelerate the fundamental transformation of the way of military administration. We will promote the construction of the military honor system.
The party puts forward the mission and task of the people's army in the new era, innovates the military strategic guidance, adjusts and optimizes the military strategic layout, and strengthens the strategic functions of the people's army in shaping the situation, controlling the crisis, containing the war and winning the war. The people's army must firmly grasp the only fundamental standard of combat effectiveness and the fundamental direction of being able to fight and win battles. It should strengthen its strategic forces and combat forces in new areas and new qualities, strengthen the construction of the command system and capacity of joint operations, vigorously rectify the "accumulated problems of peace", pay great attention to combat oriented military training, build a strong and stable modern border, sea and air defense, and firmly and flexibly carry out military struggle, We have effectively responded to external military provocations, deterred "Taiwan independence" separatist acts, and carried out such major tasks as border defense struggle, maritime rights protection, anti-terrorism and stability maintenance, emergency and disaster relief, fighting against epidemic situation, peacekeeping escort, humanitarian rescue and international military cooperation.
Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, under the strong leadership of the party, the people's army has achieved a revolutionary overall reconstruction, reorganized its equipment, and started again. Its national defense strength and economic strength have been improved simultaneously. The construction of an integrated national strategic system and capability has been accelerated. The management and guarantee system for retired servicemen has been established and improved. National defense mobilization has become more efficient and the unity between the military and the government, the military and the people has been consolidated. The people's army has resolutely fulfilled its mission and task in the new era, and has safeguarded national sovereignty, security and development interests with indomitable struggle spirit and practical actions.
（11） On the maintenance of national security
After the reform and opening up, the Party attaches great importance to correctly handling the relationship between reform, development and stability, and regards safeguarding national security and social stability as a basic work of the party and the state, thus creating a good security environment for reform and opening up and socialist modernization. In the new era, China is facing a more severe national security situation, with unprecedented external pressure. Traditional security threats and non-traditional security threats are intertwined. Black swan and grey rhinoceros incidents occur from time to time. Compared with the requirements of the situation and tasks, China's ability to maintain national security is insufficient, the ability to deal with various major risks is not strong, and the overall coordination mechanism for maintaining national security is not perfect. The Central Committee of the party stressed that peace of the country and peace of the people are the most basic and universal wishes of the people. We must adhere to the bottom line thinking, be prepared for danger in times of safety, adhere to the supremacy of national interests, take people's security as the purpose, political security as the fundamental, economic security as the foundation, military, scientific and technological, cultural and social security as the guarantee, and promote international security as the basis. We must coordinate development and security, and coordinate opening and security, as well as traditional and non-traditional security, We should coordinate our own security and common security, safeguard national security and shape national security.
Comrade Xi Jinping stressed that ensuring national security is a top priority. He put forward the overall national security concept, covering politics, military affairs, land, economy, culture, society, science and technology, network, ecology, resources, nuclear, overseas interests, space, deep sea, polar regions, biology and many other fields. He called on the whole party to strengthen the spirit of struggle and improve the ability of struggle, Implement the leadership responsibility and work responsibility of preventing and resolving various risks. The CPC Central Committee is deeply aware that in the face of various external encirclement, suppression, disturbance and subversion, it is necessary to carry forward the spirit of not believing in evil and fearing ghosts, and fight to the end against all forces that attempt to subvert the leadership of the Communist Party of China and China's socialist system, and to delay or even block the great rejuvenation process of the Chinese nation, Compromise can only lead to more humiliating situations.
The party has made great efforts to promote the national security system and capacity building, set up the central national security committee, improve the centralized, unified, efficient and authoritative national security leadership system, improve the legal system, strategic system and policy system of national security, and establish the coordination mechanism and emergency management mechanism of national security work. The party has carried out security development throughout the whole process of national development in all fields. It has focused on preventing and resolving major risks that affect China's modernization process, firmly safeguarding the security of state power, system and ideology, strengthening national security publicity and education and national defense education, consolidating the people's defense line of national security, and promoting the prosperity of border areas, enriching the people and stabilizing the border, We should strictly guard against and severely crack down on the infiltration, destruction, subversion and separatist activities of hostile forces, resist and counterattack external extreme repression and containment, carry out struggles involving Hong Kong, Taiwan, Xinjiang, Tibet and the sea, accelerate the construction of a maritime power and effectively safeguard national security.
Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, national security has been comprehensively strengthened. It has withstood the tests of risks and challenges from politics, economy, ideology and nature, providing a strong guarantee for the prosperity and long-term stability of the party and the country.
（12） On adhering to "one country, two systems" and promoting the reunification of the motherland
After the return of Hong Kong and Macao to the motherland, they were reintegrated into the national governance system and embarked on a broad road of complementary advantages and common development with the mainland of the motherland. The practice of "one country, two systems" has been universally recognized as a success. At the same time, for a period of time, under the influence of various internal and external complex factors, "Anti China disorder" activities were rampant, and the situation in Hong Kong was once grim. The Party Central Committee stressed that it is necessary to comprehensively, accurately and unswervingly implement the "one country, two systems" policy, adhere to and improve the "one country, two systems" system system, adhere to the rule of law to govern Hong Kong and Macao, safeguard the constitutional order of the Special Administrative Region as determined by the Constitution and the basic law, implement the central government's comprehensive power over the Special Administrative Region, and firmly implement the "Patriot ruling Hong Kong" and "Patriot ruling Macao".
The Central Committee of the Communist Party of China has made major decisions to improve the central government's overall governance over the Special Administrative Region in accordance with the Constitution and the basic law, to improve the relevant systems and mechanisms between the Special Administrative Region and the implementation of the Constitution and the basic law, and to promote the establishment and improvement of the legal system and implementation mechanism for the Special Administrative Region to safeguard national security We will formulate the law of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the people's Republic of China on safeguarding national security, improve the electoral system of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, implement the principle of "Patriot governing Hong Kong", and support the SAR in improving the swearing system for public officials. The Central People's Government shall establish the office for the maintenance of national security in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region in accordance with law, and the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region shall set up a committee for the maintenance of national security in accordance with the law. The Central Committee firmly supports the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region in stopping violence and suppressing disorder and restoring order in accordance with the law, supports the chief executive and the government of the Special Administrative Region in administering affairs in accordance with the law, resolutely preventing and curbing the interference of external forces in Hong Kong and Macao Affairs, and cracking down on separatist, subversive, infiltration and sabotage activities. We will fully support Hong Kong and Macao to better integrate into the overall national development, build a large bay area in Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao with high quality, support Hong Kong and Macao in economic development, improve people's livelihood, and enhance the national consciousness and patriotism of Hong Kong and Macao compatriots. This series of measures to address both the symptoms and the root causes has promoted the turning point of Hong Kong's situation from chaos to governance, and laid a solid foundation for promoting the rule of Hong Kong and Macao according to law and the practice of "one country, two systems".
To solve the Taiwan issue and realize the complete reunification of the motherland is the party's unswerving historical task, the common aspiration of all Chinese people, and the inevitable requirement of realizing the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. The party should grasp the changes in cross-strait relations, enrich and develop the theory of national unity and the principles and policies towards Taiwan, and promote the development of cross-strait relations in the right direction. Comrade Xi Jinping has put forward a series of important ideas and policies on Taiwan work, forming the party's overall strategy for solving the Taiwan issue in the new era. We have promoted the first meeting between the leaders of the two sides of the Straits since 1949 and direct dialogue and communication between the leaders of the two sides. Adhering to the concept of "one family on both sides of the Taiwan Strait", the party promotes the peaceful development of cross-strait relations, introduces a series of policies benefiting the vast number of Taiwan compatriots, and strengthens cross-strait economic and cultural exchanges and cooperation. Since 2016, the Taiwan authorities have stepped up their "Taiwan independence" separatist activities, which has seriously impacted the momentum of peaceful development of cross-strait relations. We adhere to the one China principle and the 1992 consensus, resolutely oppose the separatist act of "Taiwan independence", resolutely oppose the interference of external forces, and firmly grasp the leading and initiative power in cross-strait relations. When the motherland is completely reunified, peace and momentum are always on our side.
Practice has proved that with the strong leadership of the Communist Party of China, the strong support of the great motherland, and the concerted efforts of the people of all ethnic groups in China, including compatriots in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, Macao Special Administrative Region and Taiwan, the long-term prosperity and stability of Hong Kong and Macao will be maintained and the complete reunification of the motherland will be realized.
（13） In Foreign Affairs
After the reform and opening up, the party adheres to the independent foreign policy of peace, creating a good external environment for China's development and making great contributions to the cause of human progress. In the new era, the balance of international power has been profoundly adjusted. Unilateralism, protectionism, hegemonism, and power politics pose an increasing threat to world peace and development. The anti globalization trend of thought is on the rise. The world has entered a period of turbulence and change. The CPC Central Committee stressed that in the face of the complex and severe international situation and unprecedented external risks and challenges, it is necessary to coordinate the overall situation at home and abroad, improve the party's leadership system and mechanism for foreign affairs, strengthen the top-level design of foreign work, make strategic plans for the diplomacy of great powers with Chinese characteristics, promote the construction of a new type of international relations, promote the construction of a community of shared future for mankind, and promote peace, development and development The common values of fairness, justice, democracy and freedom lead the trend of human progress.
The party grasps the overall situation of diplomatic work in the new era, closely adheres to the main line of serving national rejuvenation and promoting human progress, holds high the banner of peace, development, cooperation and win-win results, promotes and improves the all-round, multi-level and three-dimensional diplomatic layout, and actively develops global partnership. We have made good use of the relations between major powers and promoted coordination and cooperation among them. In accordance with the concept of amity, sincerity, mutual benefit and tolerance, and the diplomatic policy of being good with and partnership with neighboring countries, we should deepen the relations with neighboring countries, stabilize the strategic support of neighboring countries, and build a community of common destiny for the neighboring countries. Adhering to the correct concept of justice and interests and the concept of true, friendly and sincere, we should strengthen solidarity and cooperation with the vast number of developing countries, and achieve full coverage of the overall cooperation mechanism. The party maintains regular contact with more than 500 political parties and political organizations in the world and deepens exchanges and cooperation among political parties. To adapt to the new situation of "going global", we have constantly improved the protection system of overseas interests, and effectively responded to a series of overseas interest risk challenges.
China actively participates in the reform and construction of the global governance system, maintains the international system with the United Nations as the core, the international order based on international law, and the basic norms of international relations based on the purposes and principles of the UN Charter, maintains and practices true multilateralism, and resolutely opposes unilateralism, protectionism, hegemonism and power politics, We will actively promote economic globalization towards a more open, inclusive, inclusive, balanced and win-win direction. China has actively participated in the political settlement of international and regional hot issues and played an active role in the fields of climate change, poverty alleviation, counter-terrorism, cyber security and regional security. China has launched the largest global emergency humanitarian action since the founding of the people's Republic of China. It has provided material assistance, medical support, vaccine assistance and cooperation to many countries, especially developing countries, to show the image of a responsible country.
Through continuous efforts, great power diplomacy with Chinese characteristics has been comprehensively promoted, and the construction of a community of shared future for mankind has become a distinctive banner leading the trend of the times and the direction of mankind's progress. China's diplomacy has opened up a new situation in the world's great changes and turned crises into opportunities in the world's chaos. China's international influence, charisma and shaping power have been significantly improved.
In a word, since the 18th CPC National Congress, the CPC Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core has led the whole party, the whole army and the people of all ethnic groups in China to forge ahead, achieve the goal of building a moderately prosperous society in an all-round way as scheduled. Historic achievements and historic changes have taken place in the cause of the party and the state, which have demonstrated the strong vitality of socialism with Chinese characteristics, and the party's, military's, and people's hearts are gathering and inspiring, For the realization of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation, it provides a more perfect system guarantee, a more solid material foundation and a more active spiritual strength. The Communist Party of China and the Chinese people solemnly declare to the world that the Chinese nation has ushered in a great leap from standing up, becoming rich and becoming strong.
5、 The historical significance of the Centennial struggle of the Communist Party of China
Over the past 100 years, the party has always carried out its original mission, United and led the people of all ethnic groups across the country to draw a magnificent picture in the history of human development, and the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation has shown unprecedented bright prospects.
（1） After modern times, the Chinese people were deeply oppressed by three mountains and were humiliated as "sick man of East Asia" by Western powers 。 Over the past 100 years, the party has led the people through a great and magnificent struggle. The Chinese people have completely shaken off the fate of being bullied, oppressed and enslaved. They have become masters of the country, society and their own destiny. People's democracy has been developing continuously. More than 1.4 billion people have achieved a well-off life in an all-round way. The Chinese people's yearning for a better life has become a reality. Today, the Chinese people are more confident, self reliant and self-improvement. They have greatly enhanced their ambition, backbone and confidence. The powerful energy accumulated in the course of history has fully burst out and radiated the unprecedented spirit of historical initiative and historical creation. They are confident in writing the great history of China's development in the new era.
（2） The party's Centennial struggle has opened up a correct way to realize the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. Since modern times, the Chinese nation, which has created splendid civilization, has encountered a serious crisis in which civilization is difficult to continue. What is presented to the world is a scene of decline and withering. Over the past 100 years, the party's leaders and people have made unremitting efforts and continuous progress, and successfully opened up a positive path to realize the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation Determine the way. China has gone through hundreds of years of industrialization in developed countries in just a few decades. It has created two miracles: rapid economic development and long-term social stability. Today, what the Chinese nation shows to the world is a thriving atmosphere, standing firm in the east of the world.
（3） The party's hundred year struggle shows the strong vitality of Marxism. Marxism reveals the law of human social development, and is the scientific truth to understand and transform the world. At the same time, to uphold and develop Marxism, from theory to practice, requires extremely arduous and challenging efforts from Marxists all over the world. In the past 100 years, the party has adhered to the principle of "promoting the development of Marxism" Kersiism is written on its own banner, constantly promoting the sinicization and modernization of Marxism, absorbing all the excellent civilization achievements created by mankind with a broad mind, and leading the great practice with the scientific theory of Sinicization of Marxism. The scientificity and truth of Marxism have been fully tested in China, the people-oriented and practical nature of Marxism have been fully implemented in China, and the openness and epochal nature of Marxism have been fully demonstrated in China. The continuous success of the sinicization and modernization of Marxism has made Marxism appear in the world with a brand-new image, and the historical evolution and competition between the two ideologies of socialism and capitalism and the two social systems in the world have undergone major changes in favor of socialism.
（4） The party's Centennial struggle has profoundly affected the historical process of the world. The cause of the party and the people is an important part of the cause of human progress. In the past 100 years, the party has worked for the happiness of the Chinese people, the rejuvenation of the Chinese nation, the progress of mankind, and the common ground of the world. The party has profoundly changed the trend and pattern of world development with its unremitting efforts. The party has led the people out of the country successfully The road of national modernization has created a new form of human civilization, expanded the way for developing countries to modernize, and provided a new choice for those countries and nations in the world who want to accelerate development and maintain their independence. The party promotes the construction of a community with a shared future for mankind. It has contributed China's wisdom, China's plan and China's strength to solve major human problems and build a world of lasting peace, universal security, common prosperity, openness, inclusiveness, and beauty, and has become an important force in promoting human development and progress.
（5） The party's hundred year struggle has forged the Communist Party of China, which is at the forefront of the times. When the party was founded, it had only more than 50 party members. Today, it has become the world's largest ruling party with more than 95 million Party members, leading a country with a population of more than 1.4 billion, and has great global influence. Over the past 100 years, the party has adhered to its nature and purpose, its ideals and beliefs, its original mission, and its courage to be self-contained In the struggle of life and death and arduous struggle, our revolution has withstood all kinds of risks and made great sacrifices, tempered its distinctive political character, formed a spiritual pedigree with the great spirit of Party building as its source, maintained the party's progressiveness and purity, and continuously improved its ruling ability and leadership level, He is leading the Chinese people irreversibly towards the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation on the road of socialism with Chinese characteristics, and is worthy of being a great, glorious and correct party.
6、 The historical experience of the CPC's Centennial struggle
Over the past 100 years, the party has led the people in great struggle, made breakthroughs in progress, rose in setbacks, improved from summary, and accumulated valuable historical experience.
（1） Adhere to the party's leadership. The Communist Party of China is the core force leading our cause. The fundamental reason why the Chinese people and the Chinese nation can reverse the historical destiny after modern times and achieve today's great achievements is the strong leadership of the Communist Party of China. History and reality have proved that without the Communist Party of China, there would be no new China, there would be no great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation 。 To manage the world's largest political party and country with the largest population, we must adhere to the party's overall leadership, especially the centralized and unified leadership of the Party Central Committee, adhere to democratic centralism, and ensure that the party always takes over the overall situation and coordinates all parties. As long as we adhere to the party's overall leadership unswervingly, resolutely safeguard the party's core and the authority of the Party Central Committee, give full play to the party's leading political advantages, and implement the party's leadership in all fields and links of the party's and state's undertakings, we will certainly be able to ensure that the whole party, the army and the people of all ethnic groups will move forward in unity.
（2） Adhere to the people first. The foundation of the party lies in the people, the blood is in the people, and the strength is in the people. The people are the greatest foundation for the party to govern and prosper the country. The people's will is the greatest politics, and justice is the strongest force. The Party's greatest political advantage is to keep close contact with the masses. The party represents the fundamental interests of the overwhelming majority of the people, and there is no special of its own The interests of the party never represent the interests of any interest group, any power group or any privileged class. This is the foundation of the party's invincible position. As long as we always adhere to the fundamental purpose of serving the people wholeheartedly, adhere to the party's mass line, always bear in mind that the river is the people, the people are the river, adhere to everything for the people, everything depends on the people, adhere to ruling for the people and rely on the people, adhere to the development for the people, development depends on the people, and development results are shared by the people, If we unswervingly follow the road of common prosperity for all the people, we will surely be able to lead the people to a new and greater victory of socialism with Chinese characteristics. Any attempt to separate and oppose the Communist Party of China and the Chinese people will never succeed.
（3） Adhere to theoretical innovation. Marxism is the fundamental guiding ideology of our party and country. Marxist theory is not a dogma, but a guide to action. It must develop with the development of practice, and can only take root in China and be deeply rooted in the hearts of the people. The reason why the party can lead the people in seeking, frustrating and developing time after time To accomplish the arduous tasks that other political forces in China can not accomplish, the fundamental lies in emancipating the mind, seeking truth from facts, keeping pace with the times, seeking truth and being pragmatic, combining the basic principles of Marxism with China's concrete reality and with the excellent traditional Chinese culture, insisting that practice is the only criterion for testing truth, and that everything should proceed from reality, Timely answer the questions of the times and the people, and constantly promote the sinicization and modernization of Marxism. Comrade Xi Jinping pointed out that the great social changes in contemporary China are not simply the master page of China's history and culture, nor the template of simply applying the ideas of classic Marxist writers, nor a reprint of socialist practice in other countries, nor a reprint of foreign modernization development. As long as we have the courage to combine new practice, constantly promote theoretical innovation, and be good at guiding new practice with new theory, we will certainly be able to show more powerful and convincing truth power of Marxism in China.
（4） Adhere to independence. Independence is the soul of the Chinese national spirit and an important principle for our party and country. Taking our own road is the historical conclusion drawn by the party's Centennial struggle. The party has always adhered to the principle of independence and opening up the way forward, putting the development of the country and the nation on the basis of its own strength, and insisting that the Chinese people should make their own opinions and opinions on China's affairs To deal with it. In the history of mankind, no nation or country can be strong and revitalized by relying on external forces, copying foreign models and following others. As a result, it will inevitably encounter failure or become the vassal of others. As long as we adhere to independence and self-reliance, learn from the beneficial experience of foreign countries with an open mind, and strengthen national self-esteem and self-confidence, we will be able to firmly grasp the destiny of China's development and progress in our own hands.
（5） Adhere to the Chinese road. The direction determines the road, and the road determines the fate. In the hundred years of struggle, the party has always insisted on starting from China's national conditions to explore and form a correct road in line with China's reality. The road of socialism with Chinese characteristics is a broad road to create a better life for the people and realize the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. We should step on the Chinese land, inherit the Chinese civilization, and follow the path in line with China On the right road of emotion, the party and the people will have an incomparably broad stage, a profound historical background and a strong determination to advance. As long as we do not follow the old road of closed and rigid, nor take the evil road of changing banner and banner, and unswervingly follow the road of socialism with Chinese characteristics, we will certainly be able to build our country into a prosperous, strong, democratic, civilized, harmonious and beautiful modern socialist country.
（6） The party always pays attention to the future and destiny of mankind from the perspective of the world, correctly understands and deals with its relations with the outside world from the perspective of the general trend of human development, the great pattern of world changes and the great history of China's development. It adheres to the principle of openness and non closure, upholds mutual benefit and win-win results, and does not engage in zero sum game. It insists on upholding justice and justice, and stands on the calendar On the right side of history, on the side of human progress. As long as we adhere to the path of peaceful development, develop ourselves through maintaining world peace and maintain world peace through our own development, advance hand in hand with all the progressive forces in the world, do not depend on others, do not plunder others, and never seek hegemony, we will certainly be able to continuously contribute wisdom and strength to the cultural progress of mankind and work with the people of all countries in the world, Push the wheel of history forward towards a bright future.
（7） Innovation is an inexhaustible driving force for the development and progress of a country and a nation. The greater a cause is, the more difficult and dangerous it is, the more arduous and arduous efforts are needed, and the more innovation is needed. The party leads the people to overcome difficulties, seek from all levels, forge ahead, and constantly promote theoretical, practical, institutional, cultural and other innovations All aspects of innovation, dare to be the first in the world, out of the road that predecessors did not go out, any difficulties and obstacles can not stop the pace of the party and the people's progress. As long as we comply with the trend of the times, respond to the people's demands, have the courage to promote reform, accurately identify changes, respond scientifically, and take the initiative to seek change, and never become rigid or stagnant, we will certainly be able to create more remarkable miracles in the world.
（8） Persisting in fighting. Daring to struggle and daring to win are the powerful spiritual strength of the party and the people. All the achievements made by the party and the people are not from the sky or bestowed by others, but achieved through constant struggle. The party was born out of internal and external troubles, grew up through hardships, and strengthened in overcoming difficulties, so as to serve the people, the country and the nation For the sake of ideals and convictions, no matter how strong the enemy is, how difficult and dangerous the road is, and how severe the challenges are, the party will never fear, never shrink back, nor be afraid of sacrifice or perseverance. As long as we grasp the historical characteristics of the new great struggle, seize and make good use of the historical opportunities, play the initiative, carry forward the spirit of struggle, enhance the ability of struggle, and unite the will and strength of the whole Party and the people, we will certainly be able to overcome all the foreseeable and unpredictable risks and challenges.
（9） Adhere to the United Front. Unity is strength. The establishment of the broadest united front is an important magic weapon for the party to overcome the enemy and win victory, and also an important magic weapon for the party to govern and rejuvenate the country. The party always adheres to the great unity and unity, unites all the forces that can be united, mobilizes all the positive factors that can be mobilized, and promotes the relations between political parties, ethnic groups, religions, social strata, at home and abroad The relationship between compatriots is harmonious, and the strength of common struggle is gathered to the maximum extent. As long as we continue to consolidate and develop the great unity of all ethnic groups, the great unity of the people of the whole country, and the great unity of all the Chinese people, forge a strong sense of community of the Chinese nation, and form a vivid situation in which all Chinese people at home and abroad think and work together, we will surely be able to gather the great power to realize the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.
（10） Persisting in self revolution. Being brave in self revolution is a significant sign that distinguishes the Communist Party of China from other political parties. The spirit of self revolution is a strong support for the party to maintain its youth and vitality. Advanced Marxist political parties are not born, but are tempered in the process of continuous self revolution. The party has become more energetic after a hundred years of vicissitudes, and its secret lies in persisting in truth and correction Error. The greatness of the party lies not in not making mistakes, but in never avoiding diseases and avoiding doctors, actively carrying out criticism and self-criticism, daring to face up to problems and daring to self revolution. As long as we constantly eliminate all the factors that damage the party's progressiveness and purity, and constantly eliminate all the viruses that erode the party's healthy body, we will certainly be able to ensure that the party will not deteriorate, change color, and remain unchanged, and that the party will always become a strong core of leadership in the historical process of adhering to and developing socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era.
The above ten aspects are valuable experience accumulated through long-term practice and spiritual wealth jointly created by the party and the people. We must cherish and adhere to them for a long time, and constantly enrich and develop them in the practice of the new era.
7、 The Communist Party of China in the new era
Never forget why you started, and your mission can be accomplished. The Communist Party of China is committed to the great cause of the Chinese nation for thousands of years. In the past 100 years, the party has delivered an excellent answer to the people and history. Now, the party has united and led the Chinese people on a new road to achieve the second centenary goal. The times are the paper makers, we are the responders, and the people are the readers. We must continue to do well in the examination and show new weather and new achievements in the new era and new journey.
The 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China made a strategic arrangement to promote the second centenary goal in two stages. We will basically realize socialist modernization from 2020 to 2035, and build China into a powerful socialist country from 2035 to the middle of this century. By then, China's material civilization, political civilization, spiritual civilization, social civilization and ecological civilization will be comprehensively improved, and the national governance system and governance capacity will be modernized, and China will become a country with leading comprehensive national strength and international influence. The common prosperity of all the people will be basically realized, and the Chinese people will enjoy a more happy and healthy life, The Chinese nation will stand tall among the nations of the world with a more lofty attitude.
Today, we are closer, more confident and able to achieve the goal of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation than at any other time in history. At the same time, the whole Party must be soberly aware that the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation can not be achieved easily with the beating of gongs and drums. There are still various risks and challenges that can be predicted and unpredictable on the way forward; We must be soberly aware that China is still in and will be in the primary stage of socialism for a long time. China is still the largest developing country in the world. The main social contradiction is the contradiction between the people's growing needs for a better life and unbalanced and inadequate development. The whole party should keep in mind the fundamental issue of what the Communist Party of China is and what it wants to do. It should grasp the general trend of historical development, firm its ideals and beliefs, keep in mind its original mission, always be modest and prudent, not arrogant and impetuous, and work hard to stimulate the strength to forge ahead from great victories and draw lessons from the setbacks of detours. We should not be afraid of any risks or be confused by any interference, We will never make subversive mistakes on fundamental issues. We will work hard to achieve the set goals with the firm determination of the green mountains and unswervingly push forward the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation with the sober mind of half a hundred miles.
The whole Party must adhere to Marxism Leninism, Mao Zedong thought, Deng Xiaoping theory, the important thought of "Three Represents" and the scientific outlook on development, comprehensively implement Xi Jinping's Thought on socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era, observe, grasp and lead the times with Marxist stand, viewpoint and method, and constantly deepen the ruling law of the Communist Party, the law of socialist construction, and the law of socialist construction Understanding of the law of human social development. We must adhere to the party's basic theory, basic line and basic strategy, enhance the "Four Consciousness", strengthen the "four self-confidence", achieve the "two maintenance", adhere to the system concept, promote the overall layout of "five in one", coordinate the promotion of the "four comprehensive" strategic layout, base on the new development stage, implement the new development concept, build a new development pattern, and promote high-quality development, We should comprehensively deepen reform and opening up, promote common prosperity, promote scientific and technological self-reliance, develop people's democracy in the whole process, ensure that the people are masters of the country, adhere to the rule of law in an all-round way, adhere to the socialist core value system, safeguard and improve people's livelihood in development, adhere to the harmonious coexistence of man and nature, coordinate development and security, and accelerate the modernization of national defense and the army, We should work together to promote the prosperity of the people, the prosperity of the country and the beauty of China.
The whole Party must always maintain flesh and blood ties with the people, stand firm on the people's stand, adhere to the people's dominant position, respect the people's initiative, practice the people centered development thought, safeguard social fairness and justice, strive to solve the problems of unbalanced and inadequate development and the people's urgent, difficult and anxious problems, and constantly realize, safeguard and develop the fundamental interests of the overwhelming majority of the people, Unite and lead the people of all ethnic groups in the country to strive for a better life.
The whole Party must bear in mind that it was born of hardship and died of happiness; it should always be farsighted and think of danger in times of safety; it should continue to promote the new great project of Party building in the new era; adhere to the principle of strict governance in an all-round way; unswervingly promote the construction of a clean and honest government and the struggle against corruption; and bravely face the long-term ruling test, reform and opening-up test, market economy test and external environment test that the party is facing, We must resolutely overcome the dangers of mental slack, lack of ability, separation from the masses, and negative corruption. It is necessary to maintain the heroic spirit of going forward with more difficulties and dangers, dare to fight and be good at fighting. We should build bridges on the mountains and build bridges in the face of water. We must make sure that we can't hold back or collapse, and promote the cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics to break waves and forge ahead.
The development of the cause of the party and the people needs the continuous struggle of the Chinese Communists from generation to generation, and we must do a good job in the fundamental plan of having successors. We should adhere to Xi Jinping's thought of socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era to educate people, unite people with the party's ideals and beliefs, cultivate people with socialist core values, inspire people with the historical mission of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation, and train and bring up a large number of successors who are worthy of the important task of the times. It is necessary to continuously train and select high-quality professional cadres, especially outstanding young cadres, who have both political integrity and ability, are loyal, clean and responsible, educate and guide the broad masses of Party members and cadres to be firm believers and faithful practitioners of Xi Jinping's Thought on socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era, bear in mind the truth that empty talk harms the country and invigorates the country with practical work, so as to establish the people's sense of home and country We should pursue a lofty realm of thought and enhance our ability to take on responsibility. It is necessary to continuously absorb advanced elements in all fields, especially outstanding young people, into the party, educate and guide young Party members to always take the party's flag as the banner, the direction of the party's direction, and the party's will to continue the party's red blood, carry forward the party's fine traditions, and survive the storm, see the world, strengthen their muscles and bones, and grow their talents in the struggle. It is necessary to continuously cultivate and bring up outstanding talents who are patriotic, dedicated and brave in innovation, and sincerely love, cultivate and use talents with great care, and gather outstanding talents in all aspects into the great struggle of the party and the people.
The Party Central Committee calls on the whole party, army and people of all ethnic groups to unite more closely around the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core, comprehensively implement Xi Jinping's Thought on socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era, vigorously carry forward the great spirit of Party building, never forget the suffering and glory of yesterday, be worthy of today's mission, live up to the great dream of tomorrow, learn from history and create the future, We will work hard and forge ahead bravely to achieve the second centenary goal and the Chinese dream of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. We firmly believe that the Communist Party of China and the Chinese people, who have won great victories and glory in the past 100 years, will surely win greater victories and glory in the new era and new journey!